Hans has severe obsessive compulsive disorder and

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Hans has severe obsessive-compulsive disorder, and neither therapy nor drug treatment has effectively improved his symptoms. Hans is beginning to explore alternative methods to help his disease. Hans is most likely to discuss __________ with his doctor as an extreme treatment. a. electroconvulsive therapy b. transcranial magnetic stimulation c. deep brain stimulation d. antipsychotics ANS: C DIF: Moderate OBJ: 14.2c MSC: Applying NOT: APA Goal 1, Knowledge Base in Psychology | APA Goal 3, Ethical and Social Responsibility in a Diverse World | APA Goal 5, Professional Development 54. Don has a cleanliness obsession that revolves around a fear of dirt and germs. His compulsion involves hand-washing. In treatment for his disorder, Don is asked to touch all the dirty doorknobs in his therapist’s office building and is told he cannot wash his hands. He and the therapist then sit together while Don tries to relax and overcome his feelings of extreme discomfort. This treatment a. is better suited for generalized anxiety disorder. b. has been shown to be ineffective and may even make symptoms worse. c. is an appropriate therapy based on extinguishing a conditioned response. d. is less effective than drugs in treating obsessive-compulsive disorder. ANS: C DIF: Difficult OBJ: 14.2c MSC: Applying NOT: APA Goal 1, Knowledge Base in Psychology | APA Goal 3, Ethical and Social Responsibility in a Diverse World | APA Goal 5, Professional Development 55. The treatment for depression that works by creating a seizure in the brain using an electrical current is called a. deep brain stimulation. b. electroconvulsive therapy. c. transcranial magnetic stimulation.
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d. phototherapy. ANS: B DIF: Easy OBJ: 14.2d MSC: Remembering NOT: APA Goal 1, Knowledge Base in Psychology 56. Electroconvulsive therapy may be a better treatment option than drugs for clients who a. are pregnant. b. are mildly depressed. c. also have an anxiety disorder. d. are over age 60. ANS: A DIF: Easy OBJ: 14.2d MSC: Remembering NOT: APA Goal 1, Knowledge Base in Psychology | APA Goal 3, Ethical and Social Responsibility in a Diverse World 57. In terms of alternative therapies for depression, some clients with mild to moderate depression respond well to __________, whereas clients with severe and difficult-to-treat depression may respond better to __________. a. regular aerobic exercise; phototherapy b. changes in their diet; electroconvulsive therapy c. regular aerobic exercise; electroconvulsive therapy d. changes in their diet; phototherapy ANS: C DIF: Moderate OBJ: 14.2d MSC: Remembering NOT: APA Goal 1, Knowledge Base in Psychology | APA Goal 3, Ethical and Social Responsibility in a Diverse World 58. When treating bipolar disorders, the drug lithium a. has side effects that intensify over time. b. is more effective than cognitive-behavioral therapy. c. shows a reduction in side effects over time.
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