o When handling a syringe keep all parts that contact the medication or the

O when handling a syringe keep all parts that contact

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o When handling a syringe, keep all parts that contact the medication or the patient sterile. This includes the syringe tip, the inside of the barrel, and the length of the plunger from the rubber tip inside the barrel to approximately 1 inch from the flange end. o The only part of a needle that may be touched is the plastic needle cap. The hub of the needle that attaches to the syringe must be kept sterile while preparing to attach it. Preventing Needle-Stick Injuries o Percutaneous injuries, commonly referred to as needle-stick injuries, are a significant occupational hazard for nurses and other health-care workers. These injuries provide the perfect mode of transmission for blood-borne infectious diseases, including HIV, hepatitis B, and hepatitis C. Needle-
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stick injuries commonly occur when recapping contaminated needles. They also may result from improper needle disposal. o Safety: To prevent needle-stick injuries, never recap used needles. Do not bend, break, or cut needles before disposal . Be vigilant to activate the needle safety guard immediately after use, as soon as the needle tip leaves the patient’s body as you withdraw the needle after administering an injection. o Occupational safety guidelines published by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and the Occupational Safety and Health Administration recommend against recapping any needles, both new and used, even when disposing of them. To maintain sterility of the needle and because carrying an uncovered needle while walking down the hallway is unsafe, it is sometimes necessary to recap a clean needle after drawing up a medication so that you may carry it to the patient’s room. Safety: When recapping a clean needle, use the one-handed scoop technique. Medications It will serve you well and make you a safer nurse to be vigilant in your research efforts regarding drugs to be administered per injection. The absolute minimum knowledge that you should acquire about each drug includes the following: Is the patient allergic to it? What is its classification? What does it do? How does it work? Why does this patient need this medication? Is the ordered dose within the safe dose parameters for this patient’s age, size, and condition? Is the route appropriate for this particular drug? This patient? What assessments should you make prior to administering the medication? Afterward? How quick is the onset of drug action? For which side effects must you watch? Is there an antidote if one is needed? Is it compatible with other medications the patient is receiving? Reconstitution and Drawing Up Medications Injectable medications may come in the form of a liquid or a powder that needs to be dissolved in a liquid. The powder form is used for medications that are not stable for very long once they are in solution. The process of dissolving powdered drugs using a liquid or diluent such as sterile normal
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saline or sterile water is known as reconstitution.
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  • Fall '19
  • Syringe

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