Anandamidee – meaning “bliss” (associated with pleasure)oTHC chemically resembles anadamideLinoleic AcidoWhen linoleic acid is metabolized by the human body anandamide is produced which triggers a sense of pleasure and can lead to overconsumption of high fat foods.oSunflower and soy oil contain a large amount of linoleic acidSoy BeansoCan be genetically modified to have higher oleic acid content and less linoleic acid content Video 2: Weight ControlObesogensoSmall amounts of chemicals that make us fat by stimulating appetite oPhthalates – type obesogen 23,000 diets published oNorth America spends over 50 billion a year on diet programsHoodiaoPlant that grows in AfricaoEaten by Kalahari BushmenoShown to curb appetitite
CHEM 181: Topic 8 – Chocolate and Weight ControlVideo 3: Weight ControlDr. OZ inspired diets:The HCG DietoDoes not workoUses a human hormone in an effort to reprogram the body so it metabolizes fat reserves rather than muscleRaspberry KetoneoNot a single human study that shows weight loss from raspberry ketoneoClaims to help the body burn fat more efficiently by increasing the production of adiponectin, a protein used by the body to regulate metabolismoGreen Coffee DietoActive ingredient is Chlorogenic AcidoClaims to slow the absorption of fat as well as increase fat burning due to a component called chlorogenic acidoGarcina CombogiaoHydroxycitiric AcidSensaoPromotes a feeling of fullness and is based on research that smells can reduce the appetiteVideo 4: Weight ControlLow carb diet:oSlowed mentally and physically, constipated, lost muscleLow fat diet:oMore alert and more energyKetogenic dietoLow carb diet (Dr. Atkins diet)oBurn fat as fuels and produced ketogins High-carb dietoDr. Dean OrnishoReplace high fat foods with complex carbohydrates that are typically lower in fat.oComparing dietsoAtkins diet has larges weight lossoHDL, triglycerides and blood pressure favored Atkins diet
CHEM 181: Topic 8 – Chocolate and Weight ControlWhy low carb diet works:1.Carbs beak down to simple sugars (mostly glucose)2.Glucose triggers insulin release3.Insulin allows glucose to be absorbed through receptors by muscle cells and be used for energy4.With too much insulin in the blood, receptors are overwhelmed and become “resistant”5.Glucose is absorbed into fat cells and is converted to far 6.In the absence of glucose in the blood, stored far is used to produce energy and weight loss occuredVideo 5: Weight ControloPotatoes have a very high glycemic index oYoghurt may contain bacteria that causes weight loss oBacteria may cause weight lossoBacteroidetes (lean)oFirmicuted (fat)
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- Spring '11
- cocoa butter, weight control