These aspects of modernity are reinforced by these

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These aspects of modernity are reinforced by theseMonday February 5, 2018Arab LiteratureThe context is Arab but the language is notArabic Language: origins dating back 5000 years , early Arabic started 4000 years ago, classical Arabic fully developed in the year 500 ( The Golder oldes, Al-Moullakat). Compared to German, Spanish and French (13thcentury). German speakers do not undertand the old German of die Nibelungen (13thcentury). English speakerstoday do nounderstand the old English of beowolf (13thcentury).“Adab Arabi: in the sense of biblical and Aristotelian ethics, Adab.Tahzeeb: in the old testament: Addabani Rabbi fa Ahsuna Tahazibi. Manners of behavior, Les Manieres.
Arabic Literature Is literature in the Arabic Language. Arabic is a universal language, official in 28 countries, spoken in 100 countries a bridge between Europe and Greek civilization not in translation and adaptation, but also in genuine contribution in all fieldsof sciences and the arts: philosophy, algebra, medicine, literature, physics, etc.General readers in the West, if they know Arabic literature at al, we know only A thousand and one nights (Alfa Iyayla Wa Layla) and usually think very low of the Arabian nights as not really literature but rather colloquial pulp fiction.Even those who devote a life of reading Arab works in translation would remain ignorantof the majority of masterpieces.Seven stages of Arabic Literature from the 5thcentury down to the 20thcentury (discussed in course ARB3901).Example OF ONE KIND OF EARLY AraBIC LITERATURE FROM THE 10THCENTURY Sufi LiteratureSome Sufi POETS AND THIKERS: lbn Al-Arabi Mansour Al- Hallaj, Al Ghazali and Ibn-Rrumi. Some leaders in Arab history of the Sufi tradition: Saladin (Salah- Addin), Amir abdel Kader, Omar al-Mokhtar, Ezdding al QuassinFrom Albert Hurani’s Text):Hundreds of works appeared at the turn of the century in the late 19thand early 20thcenturies. Since the late 19thcentury……Abdel Rahman Al-Kawakbi in political theoryShibi Shumayyil and Farah Antun in scientific topics and social sciencesJurji (George) Zeiden developed the historical novel in Arabic. He WROTE 25 romanticized biographic of Arab historical figures.
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Abu Al- Qasim al- Shabbi 2) Arabic Literature in North AmericaAl-Rabitah al Qalamiyah (Arabic pen association in America) Modernize Arabic from classical Arabic into Modern Standard Arabic (msa)No effort to establish Arabic schools like Latin America, more of a melting pot and integration into English. Pattern pf rise and decline of Arab press in the Americas with first generation that knowsArabic, and then disappearance with second generationKhalil Gibran (wrote the prophet)- Mikhail Neimi- Eliya abou madi Amin Rihani (wrote the book of Khaled, he was active at the time but not a member).

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