Arabic Literature Is literature in the Arabic Language. Arabic is a universal language, official in 28 countries, spoken in 100 countries a bridge between Europe and Greek civilization not in translation and adaptation, but also in genuine contribution in all fieldsof sciences and the arts: philosophy, algebra, medicine, literature, physics, etc.General readers in the West, if they know Arabic literature at al, we know only A thousand and one nights (Alfa Iyayla Wa Layla) and usually think very low of the Arabian nights as not really literature but rather colloquial pulp fiction.Even those who devote a life of reading Arab works in translation would remain ignorantof the majority of masterpieces.Seven stages of Arabic Literature from the 5thcentury down to the 20thcentury (discussed in course ARB3901).Example OF ONE KIND OF EARLY AraBIC LITERATURE FROM THE 10THCENTURY Sufi LiteratureSome Sufi POETS AND THIKERS: lbn Al-Arabi Mansour Al- Hallaj, Al Ghazali and Ibn-Rrumi. Some leaders in Arab history of the Sufi tradition: Saladin (Salah- Addin), Amir abdel Kader, Omar al-Mokhtar, Ezdding al QuassinFrom Albert Hurani’s Text):Hundreds of works appeared at the turn of the century in the late 19thand early 20thcenturies. Since the late 19thcentury……Abdel Rahman Al-Kawakbi in political theoryShibi Shumayyil and Farah Antun in scientific topics and social sciencesJurji (George) Zeiden developed the historical novel in Arabic. He WROTE 25 romanticized biographic of Arab historical figures.