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•Discuss characteristics of and resources for a patient who manages the selected disease well, including access to care, treatment options, life
expectancy, and outcomes.Heart failure is a chronic disease and must be treated that way. In order to live successfully, that is with the least amount of problems, hospital admits, fatigue, shortness of breath, a patient must make a lifestyle change. Patients with access to every resource available will of course have better outcomes than those without any. However, patients that choose to use these resources and apply them to their lives daily will have the best outcomes. A patient with full coverage, insurance, will have more resources, such as affordable medications. However, those that actually fill prescriptions and take the medications as prescribed will do better. A well-managed patient will also modify their diet to a heart healthy diet. If education is needed, the successful patient will explore resources to speak with a nutritionist. The successful patient will perform daily weights as well as daily blood pressure readings. The successful patient will schedule check-up appointments and attend them. They will engage in exercise and work with support groups. These patients will be eager to hear about laboratory tests and understand the results. They will be ready to adjust medications as needed. “More than half of those who develop CHF die within 5 years of diagnosis. Heart failure contributes to approximately 287,000 deaths a year” (CDC, 2016).•Analyze disparities between management of the selected disease ona national and international level.Location, culture, and economic status all have an effect on type of care received for heart failure. There are disparities in the disease management nationally and internationally. Heart failure care costs are high, costing the United States around 30.7 billion dollars each year. This includes medications, missed work, and care services. In the United States, although heart failure deaths span the nation, it is seen more often in the southern states. Heart disease accounts for 1.4 million deaths in the United States each year with African Americans having three times higher chance of dying compared to
whites. The reason is the disparities in prevention and treatment. African Americans aremore predisposed to risk factors for heart disease, such as hypertension and diabetes. Genetics predisposes them initially, however if they are also living in a poor community, access to treatment may also contribute to poor success. Communities in poverty have less access to treatment. Although the treatment plan would be the same, the fuds are justnot available for treatment. Education about lifestyle changes is limited as well. The same goes at an international level. Countries that are underdeveloped have less access to care, medications, and education. These patients do not do as well in managing the disease as those in more developed countries with funds and clinics available. According