Supers theory continues to be studied today and

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Family Therapy: An Overview
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Family Therapy: An Overview
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Super’s theory continues to be studied today and results indicate that while there is still need for more research related to Super’s propositions and career stage model, his framework has been “generally supported” from the research (Fitzgerald, 1996). Other authors (Salmone, 1996; Borgen, 1991; Brown, 1996) each assert that Super’s theory has withstood the test of time over the past 40 years.Anne Roe’s Personality Theory of Career ChoiceAnne Roe (1904-1991), a clinical psychologist, considered the impact of children’s early child-rearing environments on their later career choiceDrawing upon Maslow’s (1954) needs theory, Roe suggests that unmet needs become important motivators in the occupational choices people makeRoe identified three primary modes of child rearing environments: emotional concentration (overprotection-overdemanding), avoidance (neglecting needs), and acceptance (physical and psychological needs are met)Roe suggests individuals choose occupation fields based on their need structures. For example, that individuals in service fields are people oriented and likely had accepting or overprotected childhood environments; whereas individuals in scientific occupation fields not oriented towards people, likely experienced rejecting or avoidant childhood environments Researchers have been challenged to validate Roe’s theoretical assumptions due to the variability of parenting style and early life environments by members of same occupationLittle empirical support for this theory given the inherent challenge of longitudinal causality studies Linda Gottfredson’s Theory of Circumscription, Compromise, and Self-CreationGottfredson’s theory of circumscription, compromise, and self-creation answers the question, “Why do children seem to re-create the social inequalities of their elders long before they themselves experience any barriers to pursuing their dreams?” (Gottfredson, 2002, p. 85).Gottfredson’s theory is a developmental and sociological view of career development that emphasizes that people attempt to place themselves in the broader social order through their career choices.A person’s conclusion as to where they fit into the broader social order constitutes their “social space” or “zone of acceptable occupational alternatives”.Circumscription involves the process of eliminating unacceptable occupational alternatives based primarily on gender and social class.Compromise involves the process of modifying career choices because of limiting factors such as the availability of jobs.Gottfredson proposes four stages of cognitive development to describe the circumscription process: orientation to size and power, orientation to sex roles, orientation to social valuation, orientation to the internal and unique self.
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Family Therapy: An Overview
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Chapter 5 / Exercise 2
Family Therapy: An Overview
Goldenberg/Stanton
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