The US India defense partnership supplemented by their Logistics Exchange

The us india defense partnership supplemented by

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The U.S.-India defense partnership, supplemented by their Logistics Exchange Memorandum of Agreement, enables India to acquire U.S. made “long -range patrol aircraft and drones, maritime helicopters, aircraft carrier technology and anti- submarine gear. “India argues that it needs all of this in part to counter Chinese built bases from Myanmar to Pakistan to Djibouti. The IOR will deal with existing and new threats. These include piracy, terrorism, proxy wars and spying. All
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AINUDDIN KIBZAI Current Affairs-2020 ESHAAL KIBZAI IBIBZAI2 256 these threats would require new capabilities for war fighting and opposing asymmetric warfare. No less serious is the heating up of the Indian Ocean. Its increasing heat content threatens biodiversity in waters and the seabed. Many small island states fear extinction. Against this backdrop, Pakistan should focus on ten priorities. First, by opting for the Gwadar Port and CPEC, Pakistan has chosen to become a regional economic hub and a major maritime power. There is no going back. In this regard, it has three fundamental and simultaneous responsibilities: to complete CPEC projects on time and take them to the next higher stage, to build national consensus behind them, and to eliminate terrorism. Pakistan is successfully moving in all these directions. Second, Pakistan will have larger naval presence in IOR; and that demands, for general maritime security, a stronger Pakistan Navy for protection of the sea lanes carrying Pakistan’s as well as international merchandize. This task would require more naval assets and related infrastructure. While China would be there to safeguard its own interests in the Arabian Sea and the Indian Ocean, Pakistan, which up to now has been largely oriented as a land and air power, would have to build its conventional and strategic naval muscle proportionately. Third, Pakistan’s full spectrum deterrence will not be comp lete without a triad vis-a-vis India, including a symmetric and credible naval component. The stronger a country’s economy, the stronger security cover it would need to protect and sustain it. Pakistan has a narrow window to build its naval capabilities. The opportunity will shrink if we think that this task belongs to the distant future. Fourth, the precipitation of espionage networks around Pakistan’s coastline and the mainland would thicken. More vigilance and cooperation with friendly countries will be required to combat this threat. Fifth, a comprehensive mapping and oceanographic survey of our maritime sector and marine resources should be expedited to develop Pakistan’s coastal economy so that it can support the mega-project of CPEC. The National Institute of Oceanography should be activated and this kind of effort should be co-led by Pakistan Navy, with the full support of the concerned ministries and parliament. We have to think of Pakistan’s coastal economies supplementing and augmenting the land-based economy; and of weaving together the entire coast encompassing Gadani, Ormara, Pasni, and Jiwani. Pakistan’s exclusive economic zone of 200 nautical miles has expanded to 350
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  • Summer '12
  • Dr. James
  • Economics, People's Republic of China, BRI

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