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prosperity of paradise is symbolized by the color green. These men endeavor to make amends till their last breath, and “rage, rage, against the dying of the light” (Thomas, Stanza 3, and Line 9). Here in this line dying light also stands for the ray of hope. Grave men are handicapped by the blinding of their sight and the word, grave is utilized as a pun, and the blinding sight functions as an oxymoron. Thomas pleads with God to curse him less for the fierce of tears, and cherishing the gift of life that God has endowed us. “And you my father, there on the sad height. Curse less me, now with your fierce tears, I pray. Do not go gentle into that good night. Rage, rage against the dying of the light”. (Thomas, Stanza 6, Lines 18 & 19). Thomas adds an image of the ocean waves; the most recent generation of good men, the “last wave by” (Thomas, Stanza 3, & Line 7) are about to crash against the shore, or die. As they approach death, these men shout how great their actions could have been if they would have been allowed to live longer. He also uses a metaphor in the poem as their waves crash against the rocks; the men shout how beautifully their wave could have danced in the bay, if it could have stayed out at sea, instead of rolling onto the beach. So this generation is like a wave, death is like the breaking of the wave on shore, the sea is like life, and the dancing waters in the ocean are like beautiful actions. In this image, being out at sea is like life and coming back to the barren shore of death, the opposite of the metaphor you might expect, in which drifting out to sea would be like death. In lines 10-12, Thomas describes another kind of men, who does not allow themselves to fade quietly into death. He says, “Wild men, who caught and sang the sun in flight, and learn to late, they grieved it on its way, do not go gentle into that good night.” He describing the kind of men, who captured the world around them in their imagination and celebrated it, only to discover the world that they celebrated was slowly dissolving around them as comrade’s age
and die. Here the sun represents the beauty that exists in the mortal world, and its “flight” across the sky represents the life span of people living in this world. “Flight” also suggests that it moves rapidly, our lives are just in a blink of an eye. So just when you think you are partying to celebrate birth and life, symbolized by sunrise, you find out that you are actually mourning death symbolized by the sunset. In line 17, the speaker creates an oxymoron by asking his father to “curse”, but also “bless” him. The juxtaposition of these two words together, separated but also joined by a comma, implies that they can be thought of as opposites, but also in some strange way the same thing. This line is also one of the soft sounding lines in the poem due to the sibilance in the words “curse” and “bless”, but less obvious in the words, “fierce” and “tears.