C) prove that the real world is a special case that tends to get short shrift in theoretical models.D) have proved entirely unsatisfactory to date.According to the expectations theory of the term structure, the interest rate on a long-term bond will equal the ________ of the short-term interest rates that people expect to occur over the life of the long-term bond.A) averageB) sumC) differenceD) multipleIf bonds with different maturities are perfect substitutes, then the ________ on these bonds must be equal. A) expected returnB) surprise returnC) surplus returnD) excess returnIf the expected path of one-year interest rates over the next five years is 4 percent, 5 percent, 7 percent, 8 percent, and 6 percent, then the expectations theory predicts that today's interest rate on the five-year bond isA) 4 percent.B) 5 percent.C) 6 percent.D) 7 percent.If the expected path of 1-year interest rates over the next four years is 5 percent, 4 percent, 2 percent, and 1 percent, then the expectations theory predicts that today's interest rate on the four-year bond is

A) 1 percent.B) 2 percent.C) 3 percent.D) 4 percent.If the expected path of 1-year interest rates over the next five years is 1 percent, 2 percent, 3 percent, 4 percent, and 5 percent, the expectations theory predicts that the bond with the highest interest rate today is the one with a maturity ofA) two years.B) three years.C) four years.D) five years.If the expected path of 1-year interest rates over the next five years is 2 percent, 4 percent, 1 percent, 4 percent, and 3 percent, the expectations theory predicts that the bond with the lowest interest rate today is the one with a maturity ofA) one year.B) two years.C) three years.D) four years.Over the next three years, the expected path of 1-year interest rates is 4, 1, and 1 percent. The expectations theory of the term structure predicts that the current interest rate on 3-year bond isA) 1 percent.B) 2 percent.C) 3 percent.D) 4 percent.According to the expectations theory of the term structureA) the interest rate on long-term bonds will exceed the average of short-term interest rates that people expect to occur over the life of the long-term bonds, because of their preference for short-term securities.B) interest rates on bonds of different maturities move together over time.C) buyers of bonds prefer short-term to long-term bonds.D) buyers require an additional incentive to hold long-term bonds.According to the expectations theory of the term structureA) when the yield curve is steeply upward sloping, short-term interest rates are expected to remain relatively stable in the future.B) when the yield curve is downward sloping, short-term interest rates are expected to remain relatively stable in the future.C) investors have strong preferences for short-term relative to long-term bonds, explaining why yield curves typically slope upward.