9 13 types of layout types of layout 1 office layout

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9 - 13 Types of Layout Types of Layout 1. Office layout 2. Retail layout 3. Warehouse layout 4. Fixed-position layout 5. Process-oriented layout 6. Work-cell layout 7. Product-oriented layout
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9 - 14 Types of Layout Types of Layout 1. Office layout: Positions workers, their equipment, and spaces/offices to provide for movement of information 2. Retail layout: Allocates shelf space and responds to customer behavior 3. Warehouse layout: Addresses trade- offs between space and material handling
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9 - 15 Types of Layout Types of Layout 4. Fixed-position layout: Addresses the layout requirements of large, bulky projects such as ships and buildings 5. Process-oriented layout: Deals with low-volume, high-variety production (also called job shop or intermittent production)
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9 - 16 Types of Layout Types of Layout 6. Work cell layout: Arranges machinery and equipment to focus on production of a single product or group of related products 7. Product-oriented layout: Seeks the best personnel and machine utilizations in repetitive or continuous production
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9 - 17 Layout Strategies Layout Strategies Objectives Examples Office Locate workers requiring frequent contact close to one another Allstate Insurance Microsoft Corp. Retail Expose customer to high- margin items Kroger’s Supermarket Walgreen’s Bloomingdale’s Warehouse (storage) Balance low cost storage with low-cost material handling Federal-Mogul’s warehouse The Gap’s distribution center Project (fixed position) Move material to the limited storage areas around the site Ingall Ship Building Corp. Trump Plaza Pittsburgh Airport Table 9.1
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9 - 18 Layout Strategies Layout Strategies Objectives Examples Job Shop (process oriented) Manage varied material flow for each product Arnold Palmer Hospital Hard Rock Cafe Olive Garden Work Cell (product families) Identify a product family, build teams, cross train team members Hallmark Cards Wheeled Coach Standard Aero Repetitive/ Continuous (product oriented) Equalize the task time at each workstation Sony’s TV assembly line Toyota Scion Table 9.1
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9 - 19 Good Layouts Consider Good Layouts Consider Material handling equipment Capacity and space requirements Environment and aesthetics Flows of information Cost of moving between various work areas
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9 - 20 Office Layout Office Layout Grouping of workers, their equipment, and spaces to provide comfort, safety, and movement of information Movement of information is main distinction Typically in state of flux due to frequent technological changes
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9 - 21 Relationship Chart Relationship Chart Figure 9.1
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9 - 22 Supermarket Retail Layout Supermarket Retail Layout Objective is to maximize profitability per square foot of floor space Sales and profitability vary directly with customer exposure
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9 - 23 Five Helpful Ideas for Five Helpful Ideas for Supermarket Layout Supermarket Layout 1. Locate high-draw items around the periphery of the store 2. Use prominent locations for high-impulse and high-margin items 3. Distribute power items to both sides of
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