and to what extent personal information is revealed What are the benefits and limitations of the four basic approaches to research? o Surveys: potentially generalizable finings (high external validity) but respondents may not be truthful and surveys may not adequately represent the group under study (low external validity) o Experiments: ideal for understanding the cause of human behavior (high internal validity) but limited to what can be manipulated (low external validity) o Qualitative research: provides rich information on social meanings and processes by providing open ended questions, but often difficult to replicate o Analysis of existing data: well suited to studying the past and social change but distance between researcher and people being studied can limit insights What are the benefits of studying research methods? o Can help you become a more critical consumer of research evidence so you can read and understand research reports and articles, know what questions to ask to evaluate the quality of information, determine whether information is credible and also help you become an active producer of research evidence so you can conduct your own research as a student and do research in your post-graduate career What is the role of concepts in the social scientific endeavor? o You move from observations to concepts, during the concepts processes you look for patterns, concept is linked with certain patterns that you observe What is the purpose of a literature review? What are the guidelines for conducting a literature review? o Helps to identify researchable questions related to a research topic, establishes a connection to research and theory
o 1. Start with library o 2. conduct keyword search in library’s databases o 3. view initial results with the aim of narrowing topic o 4. locate relevant resources by reading titles and abstracts o 5. read most recent literature first o 6. search for review articles that summarize on a topic o 7. use the internet sparingly and selectively o 8. after you compile the literature, read and take notes o 9. organize notes and synthesize o 10. write literature review o 11. create reference list (ASA) What is the peer review process? Why is it valuable? What are some of the problems with it? o Editor’s first gate-keeping decision reviewers recommendations editors decision timeline o A process by which an academic journal passes a paper submitted for publication to independent experts for comments on its suitability and worth o It identifies “high-quality” knowledge: “certifies” authors and their contributions, maintains standards of academic discipline, provides added perspectives o However it limits originality, used to advance editors agenda, reviewers disagreements What makes a good research question?
- Spring '19