Testing of the hypothesis 7 ie The rapid rise in the population levels and the

Testing of the hypothesis 7 ie the rapid rise in the

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Testing of the hypothesis 7: i.e. The rapid rise in the population levels and the accompanied problems like deterioration of urban infrastructure pose challenges which have to be understood by the leaders. Note: The hypothesis 7 is being supported by question numbers 3, 4, 5, 12, 18, 28, 29, 30. Setting up of the hypothesis: Null hypothesis H 0 : The above hypothesis is acceptable. Alternative hypothesis H 1 : The above hypothesis is not acceptable.
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199 Calculation: TABLE NUMBER 9 (CALCULATION FOR TESTING OF HYPOTHESIS 7) χ 2 = ( O i – E i ) 2 / E i = 1.320 χ 2 calculated value is 1.320 and χ 2 table value is 13.362 at 8 d.f and 10% l.o.s. χ 2 table value is 15.507 at 8 d.f and 5% l.o.s. χ 2 table value is 20.090 at 8 d.f and 1% l.o.s. Conclusion: As per statistical theory, whenever the calculated value is less than table value then the null hypothesis is acceptable. Hence null hypothesis H o is accepted and there by the said hypothesis is acceptable at different level of significances, respectively 1%, 5%, 10% and it is perfectly accepted. Hence the hypothesis, the rapid rise in the population levels and the accompanied problems like deterioration of urban infrastructure pose challenges which have to be understood by the leaders is statistically tested and valid. Qno , option Obs freq (Oi) Exp freq ( Ei) (Oi - Ei) 2 ((Oi -Ei) 2 )/Ei 3,a 784 776.000 64.000 0.082 4,a 776 776.000 0.000 0.000 5,a 792 776.000 256.000 0.330 12,a 760 776.000 256.000 0.330 18,a 784 776.000 64.000 0.082 28,a 768 776.000 64.000 0.082 29,a 760 776.000 256.000 0.330 30,a 784 776.000 64.000 0.082 Total 6208 1.320
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200 Testing of the hypothesis 8: i.e. The increasing competition between governments and corporations for the control of natural resources/food grains and strategic energy sources would lead to increased conflicts and riots. The leaders need to have an understanding and awareness and implement solutions on these problems. Note: The hypothesis 8 is being supported by question numbers 3, 4, 5, 11, 18, 28, 29, 30. Setting up of the hypothesis: Null hypothesis H 0 : The above hypothesis is acceptable. Alternative hypothesis H 1 : The above hypothesis is not acceptable. Calculation: TABLE NUMBER 10 (CALCULATION FOR TESTING OF HYPOTHESIS 8) Qno , option Obs freq (Oi) Exp freq ( Ei) (Oi - Ei) 2 ((Oi -Ei) 2 )/Ei 3,a 784 777.000 49.000 0.063 4,a 776 777.000 1.000 0.001 5,a 792 777.000 225.000 0.290 11,a 768 777.000 81.000 0.104 18,a 784 777.000 49.000 0.063 28,a 768 777.000 81.000 0.104 29,a 760 777.000 289.000 0.372 30,a 784 777.000 49.000 0.063 Total 6216 1.060
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201 χ 2 = ( O i – E i ) 2 / E i = 1.060 χ 2 calculated value is 1.060 and χ 2 table value is 13.362 at 8 d.f and 10% l.o.s. χ 2 table value is 15.507 at 8 d.f and 5% l.o.s. χ 2 table value is 20.090 at 8 d.f and 1% l.o.s. Conclusion: As per statistical theory, whenever the calculated value is less than table value then the null hypothesis is acceptable. Hence null hypothesis H o is accepted and there by the said hypothesis is acceptable at different level of significances, respectively 1%, 5%, 10% and it is perfectly accepted. Hence the hypothesis, the increasing competition between governments and corporations for the control of natural resources/food grains and strategic energy sources would lead to increased conflicts and riots. The leaders need to have an understanding and awareness and implement solutions on these problems is statistically tested and valid.
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