situational causes reasons for behavior that rest on the demands of the social

Situational causes reasons for behavior that rest on

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situational causes – reasons for behavior that rest on the demands of the social setting external attribution dispositional causes – reasons for behavior that rest on the individual’s personality traits internal attribution
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Situation or Dispositio n? tend to prefer to make dispositional (internal) attributions Ex: the person that cut you off in the morning is an asshole Didn’t go and think oh maybe this person is late to something or going through something called fundmental attribution error Havea tendency to see the causes of a persons behavior as a part of their personality Even do this for people we love why does it happen? we tend to focus on the person situation is often more difficult to see if its with someone you love. You might know the situation but you don’t know how the other person is interpreting it
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Identity Negotiati on Self-Verification vs. Self- Enhancement identity negotiation self-verification The fact that we like people to see us like how we see ourselves Developed by William Swann and colleagues the tendency we have to preserve our typical self- beliefs, even when those self-beliefs are unfavorable related to cognitive dissonance theory Next slide
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Cognitive Dissonan ce Leon Festinger when we behave in a manner that is inconsistent with our attitudes it makes us feel uncomfortable Ex: on a diet and eat a whole tub of ice cream, this causes dissonance “im supposed to be dieting” Festinger & Carlsmith (1959) boring task
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