There are a lot of attractive sites in the country, but we are not able to develop them for lack of expertise or capacity. There are negative activities with regards to tourism development. So, we lack people who can help us to benefit from tourism and at the same time protect the environment. The Human Resource Manager also explained that: There are a lot of domestic and international tourists that visit our destinations. Unlike our neighboring countries, there is political stability in Ghana coupled with a good number of tourist sites (e.g. historical, cultural and ecological sites). Generally, Ghanaians are hospitable. However, tourism sector has some negative consequence. I think you heard what happened at Kintampo waterfall when about 20 school children perished. There are other issues like environmental pollution and possible spread of diseases like Ebola and HIV/AIDs due to the activities of tourists. But we don’t have experts who can assist us to develop tourism sector. This suggests that tourism development has both negative and positive consequences as respondent intimated. It is however important to note that incorporating issues of sustainability into tourism development would help the government to immensely benefit from tourism, and at the same time be able to mitigate its consequences. These findings confirm consistent with the view in the literature that local governments have insufficient knowledge and experience in tourism planning based on the principles of sustainability (Birkic, Pilija, & Sebrek, 2bgt014). Thus, tourism destinations are not properly kept, and suggest that sustainable development principles in planning and management is inappropriate. It stands to reason that having a situation where the tourism sector is not properly planned and managed may leave permanent negative impacts on the social, cultural, physical and economic environments of the destinations (Dwyer et al., 2008). Poor tourism
planning may also lead to the destruction of vegetables, create overcrowding, pollute beaches, eliminate opebnhn place and ignore locals’ interests (Muhanna, 2006). Hence, in depth knowledge of local policy actors is critical for the sustainable tourism planning and development. 4.1 Role of Government in Sustainable Tourism Development To effectively explore the role of government in tourism development, the study examined Local Governance Act 2016 (Act, ttref936) as theyuki legal framework that established local governments in Ghana. The decentralization policy aims at establishing institutions to engender local participation in decision-making by devolving power and authority to the local level. The adoption of decentralization is to enhance development at the grass-roots or sub-national levels. Hence, any threat to local governance must be well integrated into the district-wide development plans. The district level Medium-Term Development Plans mark the entry points for the incorporation of sustainable tourism issues. However, a close analysis of the
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- Fall '18
- DR MAAME ADWOA GYEKYE JANDO
- Ministry of Tourism, Ghana Tourism Authority