●Discussion on thenature of administrative regionsand thebasis andpurpose for their creation: ○In 1968,R.A. No. 5435was passed "authorizing the President ofthe Philippines, with the help of a Commission on Reorganization,to reorganize the different executive departments, bureaus, offices,agenciesandinstrumentalitiesofthegovernment,includingbankingorfinancialinstitutionsandcorporationsownedorcontrolled by it." ○Purpose:promote"simplicity,economyandefficiencyinthegovernment."Accordingly,theReorganizationCommissionpreparedanIntegratedReorganization Plan which divided thecountry into 11 administrative regions. By P.D. No. 1, the Plan wasapproved and made part of the law of the land on Sept. 1972. ○PD1wastwiceamendedin1975,firstbyPD742which"restructured the regional organization of Mindanao, Basilan, Suluand Tawi-Tawi" and later by PD 773 which further "restructured theregional organization of Mindanao and divided Region IX into twosub-regions." In 1978, PD 1555 transferred the regional center ofRegion IX from Jolo to Zamboanga City. ○Thus the creation and subsequent reorganization of administrativeregions have been done by the President pursuant to authoritygranted to him by law. In conferring on the President the power"to merge by administrative determination the existing regions",Congress merely followed the pattern set inprevious legislationdating back to the initial organization of administrative regions in1972. ●Thechoice of the President as delegate is logical. The division of thecountry into regions is intended to facilitate not only the administration oflocal governments butalso the direction of executive departmentswhichthe law requires should have regional offices. ●[Abbas v. COMELEC] “while thepower to mergeadministrative regions isnot expressly provided for in the Constitution,it is a power which hastraditionally been lodgedwith the President to facilitate the exercise of thepower of general supervision over local governments”. ●Theregionsthemselvesarenotterritorialandpoliticaldivisionslikeprovinces, cities, municipalities and barangays but are "mere groupings ofcontiguous provinces foradministrative purposes." The power conferred onthe President is similar to the power to adjust municipal boundaries whichhas been described in Pelaez v. Auditor General or as "administrative innature." ●There is, therefore, no abdicationby Congress of its legislative power inconferring on the President the power to merge administrative regions. ●The question iswhether Congress has provided a sufficient standard bywhich the President is to be guidedin the exercise of the power granted andwhether in any event the grant of power to him isincluded in the subjectexpressed in the title of the law.
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Government, Separation of Powers, Supreme Court of the United States, The Court, Sc