Discussion on the nature of administrative regions

This preview shows page 17 - 18 out of 71 pages.

Discussion on the nature of administrative regions and the basis and purpose for their creation: In 1968, R.A. No. 5435 was passed "authorizing the President of the Philippines, with the help of a Commission on Reorganization, to reorganize the different executive departments, bureaus, offices, agencies and instrumentalities of the government, including banking or financial institutions and corporations owned or controlled by it." Purpose: promote "simplicity, economy and efficiency in the government." Accordingly, the Reorganization Commission prepared an Integrated Reorganization Plan which divided the country into 11 administrative regions. By P.D. No. 1, the Plan was approved and made part of the law of the land on Sept. 1972. PD 1 was twice amended in 1975, first by PD 742 which "restructured the regional organization of Mindanao, Basilan, Sulu and Tawi-Tawi" and later by PD 773 which further "restructured the regional organization of Mindanao and divided Region IX into two sub-regions." In 1978, PD 1555 transferred the regional center of Region IX from Jolo to Zamboanga City. Thus the creation and subsequent reorganization of administrative regions have been done by the President pursuant to authority granted to him by law . In conferring on the President the power "to merge by administrative determination the existing regions", Congress merely followed the pattern set in previous legislation dating back to the initial organization of administrative regions in 1972. The choice of the President as delegate is logical . The division of the country into regions is intended to facilitate not only the administration of local governments but also the direction of executive departments which the law requires should have regional offices. [Abbas v. COMELEC] “while the power to merge administrative regions is not expressly provided for in the Constitution, it is a power which has traditionally been lodged with the President to facilitate the exercise of the power of general supervision over local governments”. The regions themselves are not territorial and political divisions like provinces, cities, municipalities and barangays but are "mere groupings of contiguous provinces for administrative purposes ." The power conferred on the President is similar to the power to adjust municipal boundaries which has been described in Pelaez v. Auditor General or as "administrative in nature." There is, therefore, no abdication by Congress of its legislative power in conferring on the President the power to merge administrative regions. The question is whether Congress has provided a sufficient standard by which the President is to be guided in the exercise of the power granted and whether in any event the grant of power to him is included in the subject expressed in the title of the law .
Image of page 17
Image of page 18

You've reached the end of your free preview.

Want to read all 71 pages?

  • Fall '19
  • Government, Separation of Powers, Supreme Court of the United States, The Court, Sc

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

Stuck? We have tutors online 24/7 who can help you get unstuck.
A+ icon
Ask Expert Tutors You can ask You can ask You can ask (will expire )
Answers in as fast as 15 minutes