32 An approach to parenting which aims to promote childrens development and

32 an approach to parenting which aims to promote

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An approach to parenting which aims to promote children’s development and manage children’s behaviour in a constructive and non-hurtful way (Sanders, 1992) Using good communication and positive attention to help children develop Positive Parenting 33
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Parenting styles (Maccoby & Martin, 1983) Level of control / demand Level of acceptance / responsiveness Authoritative Authoritarian Indulgent Neglectful 35 High Low High Low
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(Baumrind, 1971) Parenting Style Authoritarian Rigid, punitive and controlling Authoritative Clear but high standards, reasoning & problem solving, Firm, reasonable; demanding, loving Indulgent Nondirective, left alone to make own decisions, few demands and consequences Neglectful Uninvolved Children raised angry and rebellious socially responsible, self reliant lack ethical & moral judgment, lack self control Lack self control 36
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37 Parenting Pyramid (Webster-Stratton)
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38 Always take into account child’s developmental level
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To monitor child’s behaviour & parent’s own behaviour 39
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Causes of Child Behaviour Problems (1) Genetic Make-up - temperament
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Causes of Child Behaviour Problems (2) Family Environment 1) ineffective child management skills - escalation traps - ignoring desirable behaviour - inappropriate ways of giving instructions -ineffective use of punishment 2) imitation of bad habits 3) emotional messages 4) parents’ belief & expectations 5) other influences e.g. stress, parents’ emotions, parents’ relationship
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Causes of Child Behaviour Problems (3) Influences Outside Home - peers & friends - school - media & computer games
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Analyze the Problem Behaviour A ntecedent what causes/triggers B ehaviour - how is the behaviour C onsequence what does the child gain/what maintains the behaviour 43 Antecedent Behaviour Consequence What causes or triggers Intensity Frequency Duration What does child gains What maintains Understand the intensity, frequency, & duration of the behaviour Manipulate the antecedent or consequence to change the behaviour
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Function of Behaviour To obtain favourable outcomes (include rewards, attention, sensory satisfaction) To avoid disliked activities 44
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Focus of Intervention Alleviate conditions giving rise to the problem behaviour Remove rewards for the problem behaviour Reward other behaviour 45
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Description of behaviour (Behaviour) When & Where (Context) What happened right before (Antecedent) What happened afterward (Consequence) Other comments Kicking on floor, screaming 8:00 a.m. Sitting Room Switched off TV, asked him to get changed Picked him up to room, helped him to get changed Late, angry Stamping feet, shouting 10:30 a.m. Super- market Said no to his request to buy toy Surrendered, bought for him Embarrassed, Just wanted him to stop Misbehaviour Tantrums Day: Friday Behaviour Diary 46
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Behaviour Record Behaviour: Hitting Others Month: May 47