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The approach to tiryns has a more strongly defended

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The approach to Tiryns has a more strongly defended design than Mycenae Between 1200-1100 BCE, Mycenaean settlements declined potentially due to attacks by  foreign invaders Greece: The Archaic Period From 700-500 BCE the Greeks contributed grid-plan towns and the temple Opisthodomos: a rear room Pronaos: front porch Early temples were simple, one room structures built for a statue of a deity and built out  of mud brick walls with a thatched roof Transitions were made to stone columns to support clay roofs with the Temple of Hera at  Olympia (600-590 BCE) Columns were typically  fl uted, having vertical, concave grooves
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Greeks 21:45 Temples were typically built on hills or other prominent geological features and were free  standing Trabeated: post and beam architecture (Temple of Poseidon) The Temple of Hera Includes 2 in antis columns, or columns in the plane of the front and rear walls and  between antae, or wall thickenings at the front and rear Also contained a very stylized treatment of the bases, capitals, and supported members  of the pillars and in the 16 th  century CE, these were termed the orders of architecture  and became the basis for the classical language of architecture Doric Pillar: the sturdiest and based on the proportions of a man, originated in mainland  of Greece Named after ancient Greek king Doris No base, fluted sides, simple capital, slightly tapered at top and bottom Plain architrave and alternating metopes and triglyphs in the frieze, which is crowned  with a cornice Typically limestone Ionic Pillar: lighter in character to reflect the proportions of a woman, originated in  islands of the Aegean and Asia minor Also inspired by the acanthus plant which curls at the top Has a base supporting a fluted shaft and a capital with volutes, or scrolls Composed of an architrave and a frieze and a cornice, often with dentils, concludes the  order Used more sparingly than doric columns Typically marble Corinthian Pillar: the lightest and slenderest of all, made to represent a fair maiden,  invented by the Greeks but very rarely used Used very sparingly by the Greeks due to dislike of ostentation, by loved by the Romans Supposedly the child of the doric and ionic Capital design inspired by a young woman’s grave on which goblets were left and had  been covered in ivy The Classical Period and the Parthenon
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Greeks 21:45 Began in 479 with the victory over the Persians and the establishment of the Delian  League with Ionian cities The 4 buildings erected on the acropolis during this time define the classical period
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