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produced products) as medium. It is a concept that attacks the divide between low and high art. They tried to emphasize that art isn’t specific to one class. Andy Warhol was a famous Pop artist. The Beatles hired Ed Whitley who came up with the idea of have The Beatles album having a white cover (this is why it is nicknamed The White Album). ESSAY QUESTIONS: (50 points, 25 points each)Preparing all of the questions below will ensure that you review all the course material.
Two of these questions will appear on the test, and you will be asked to write an essay foreach of them (each essay should be at least 3-4 pages in a blue book).A1. When the Beatles stopped touring in 1966, their music was no longer constrainedby the requirements of live performance. How did their recording practices change after1966? Compare the Beatles’ experiences recording their earliest studio albums with theirwork on later ones, especially Revolver (1966), Sgt. Pepper’s Lonely Hearts Club Band(1967), and The Beatles (1968). Finally, choose a song from one of the later albums (orsingles recorded and released at the same time) and describe how it was shaped byrecording technology and practice in the studio.More TimeIn the early days, wanted badly to become successful, did everything they couldNow, no more shows, concerts, live performances, etc.Also now had full support of EMI, could take as long as they wanted toMuch more time to put into recording songs and albumsRubber Soul took 100+ hours, Revolvertook ~300No Need to Recreate Songs LiveCould experiment with new soundsCould each play many instrumentsExplored New ThingsNew Recording TechniquesRevolversaw the first use of ADT, Backwards Recording, Tape LoopingLeslie Speakers on “Tomorrow Never Knows” - John’s altered vocals“When I’m Sixty-Four” - electronically raised Paul’s voiceNew InstrumentsIntroduced a completely new pallet of instruments into their recording sessionsDouble string quartet on “Eleanor Rigby”Full orchestra on “A Day in the Life”New Sounds“Good Morning Good Morning” - animal sounds“Being for the Benefit of Mr. Kite!” - mixed and matched tape loops, circus vibeRecorded More IndividuallyDue to group tension, their ability to play multiple instrumentsProbably most notable on The White AlbumSome of Paul’s songs are played all by himselfRingo quit temporarily, and The Beatles continued on with Paul on drums on songs “Back In The USSR” and “Dear Prudence”- Started using 4 tracks after 1966 and later 8 tracks after 1968-The Beatles began to produce and put more input in the production of their music during this time
-They also began to record individually instead of as a group.-Stopped recording covers after Help!-Introduced a completely new pallet of instruments into their recording sessions-Began experimenting much more than beforeB2. The singles “Paperback Writer”/ “Rain,” “Penny Lane”/ “Strawberry FieldsForever,” “Hello Goodbye”/ “I am the Walrus,” and “Hey Jude”/ “Revolution” eachfeature one song by Paul McCartney and one by John Lennon. Discuss how these singles