Older women face continued discrimination in the labour market and often have

Older women face continued discrimination in the

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also increased women’s vulnerability given their limited access to social protection and economic security. Older women face continued discrimination in the labour market and often have to assume care-giving responsibilities within their families in addition to their work outside the home.
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The Role of the ILO The ILO’s approach is to place gender concerns in the mainstream of all its policies and programmes, to create employment, promote training, develop entrepreneurship and improve access to the labour market under fair and equal conditions for both men and women. Women’s Employment Trends in Jordan With increased global trade, Jordanian women are benefiting from greater job opportunities than ever before. This is one of the findings of ILO research on the impact of globalization with regard to women workers in the textile and garments industries in Jordan. The study, published by the ILO in 2002, was conducted with the Jordanian Ministry of Labour, the General Confederation of Jordanian Trade Unions, the Chamber of Industry, the Chamber of Commerce, and the Jordanian National Commission for Women. Historically, women’s participation in the formal labour economy in Jordan has been low and concentrated in traditional roles such as teachers, nurses or secretaries. However, the study found that over the past four decades the female participation rate rose from approximately 3 % in 1961 to about 15 % in 1999. Recent economic reforms have led to an increase in employment opportunities for women, particularly in the textile and garment-making industries. More women are now able to achieve a degree of economic independence and freedom of mobility, as well as the unprecedented status of breadwinner in their families. The majority of the women surveyed in the study had received secondary level education. Most of them were under 30 years old and came from a rural background. To these women, who grew up with the norms of gender segregation, having a job outside the home was a significant achievement.
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  • Spring '19
  • Dr Kioli
  • Economics, Unemployment, International Labour Organization, International Labour Organization conventions

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