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(3) If they rejected plantation work, they were arrested for not having a job (vagrancy). (4) These laws represented an unofficial return to slavery in all but name and it outraged BOTH Radical and Moderate Republicans.E. List and explain the two Congressional responses to the Black Codes? How did Andrew Johnson respond to these two pieces of Congressional legislation? (1) The Republican Congressional response to these Southern insults and Johnson’s complicity with the Southern position was two-fold:
Originally written by Chris Miller Updated by Tony Saavedra 9 •First, they extended the life of the Freedmen’s Bureau and •Secondly they passed the first Civil Rights Act of 1866. (2) The Civil Rights Act declared black people to be citizens of the nation and empowered the federal government to intervene in state affairs to protect the rights of these citizens. (3) Johnson’s response to these two Congressional actions was that he vetoed both of them. (4) However, Congress overrode both vetoes, which required a very difficult two-thirds vote. (5)This indicates the depth of Republican feeling against the South and Johnson’s position.F. The following are parts of Mississippi’s Black Codes, first adopted in 1865. Apprentice Law: •All freedmen under 18 years who are orphans or financially unprovided for by their parents shall be forcibly apprenticed. •If apprentice escapes and is caught, master may reclaim him. Apprentice faces imprisonment if he or she refuses to comply. •Employer is legally allowed to punish freedman in any way a parent or guardian might punish their own child. •Apprentice shall be indentured until 21 years-old if male and 18 years-old if female. Vagrancy Law •All freedmen over the age of 18 who do not have written proof of employment at the beginning of each year are vagrants. •All vagrants shall be fined up to $50 and jailed up to 10 days. •If freedmen cannot pay the fine, he shall be hired out to any white man who will pay it for him, with the amount deducted from his wages. •Freedmen between 18 and 60 years-old will pay a tax of up to $1 per year toward the Freedmen’s Pauper Fund. •If a freedman cannot pay a tax, he is a vagrant and will be hired out to any white man who will pay it for him. Civil Rights of Freedmen •Freedmen are forbidden to marry any white person with a penalty of life imprisonment. •Reward offered to any person who catches a freedman who quits his employer’s service prior to official termination. •Penalty of up to $200 for any white man who employs or aids a runaway freedman.
Originally written by Chris Miller Updated by Tony Saavedra 10 Penal Code •Illegal for freedmen to carry firearms. •Illegal for freedmen to sell liquor, participate in riots, use insulting language or gestures, or preach the Gospel without a license.