Social Policy Debates and Changes It is only in the past decade that the social

Social policy debates and changes it is only in the

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all homeless people despite the origin, nature, and extent of their disability. Social Policy Debates and Changes It is only in the past decade that the social security system has considered the issue of disability. Before, the people with disabilities were in a situation in which they similarly claimed social benefits as the unemployed despite being unable to work due to some forms of disabling conditions. The schemes that were in existence were only meant to act as sources of compensation for persons who had been injured on duty serving in the armed forces. People with disabilities were only considered in 1970, when the first policy that addresses some of their challenges was introduced. In 1984, some social security reviews were made to take care of social issues. However, these reviews did not include disability benefits. A survey team was formed to conduct a study to determine the prevalence of disability among Australians. This survey was to assist in the review of the disability benefits. Following the survey report, a few of the proposals were included in the social security bill of 1990. Other suggestions were put under public discussion and were to be considered in the 1991 social law (Whiteford, 2017).
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6 AUSTRALIAN SOCIAL POLICY EFFECT ON PEOPLE WITH DISABILITIES One of the major concerns that were never addressed was the fact that there are additional costs that are associated with disability. These costs have to be covered to allow people with disabilities to enjoy the same living standards are other groups of people in Australia. Another need that arose was the need to examine the role of cash benefits and direct services for Australians living with disabilities. The Welfare to Work policy was introduced in 2006 to raise the number of persons that benefit from lower Newstart allowance as opposed to the DSP (Considine et al., 2015). According to (Gooding, 2015), the United Nations Convention on the rights of people with disabilities in 2008 lucidly set that it was the responsibility of the government to ensure that people with disability had a secure income. The Australian government ratified this requirement by the UN at that time. Moreover, another policy that addresses the social Welfare of people with disabilities in Australia is the disability discrimination act, which seeks to protect persons with disabilities from unfair treatment concerning employment opportunities and access to social funds. The National Disability Insurance Scheme was established in 2013 in Sothern, Northern, and Western Australian territories. By considering recent development in social policy, it can be concluded that there have been improved benefits for people with disabilities. Tremendous steps have been made, which have led to the increased inclusion of people with disabilities in society. For instance, disability employment credit, which has since been renamed to disability working allowance, has increased income for people with disabilities who were previously working under low pay. Also, there has been a disability allowance that has assisted more persons in taking care of the additional costs of disability, such as mobility and attendance allowances. Moreover, there exists an age-related
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  • Summer '12
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