2 Developing specific labour needs assessments based on 1 the actual needs of

2 developing specific labour needs assessments based

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Somaliland National Youth Policy, specifically targets migration. 2. Developing specific labour needs assessments based on: 1) the actual needs of the labour market (supply side); 2) the objective capacity of youth and employees (demand side); and 3) the potential development of new activities in Somaliland and Puntland in five to ten years from now. Programming should not be based on subjective and biased assessments of what individuals want, but rather on what the economic market actually looks like today as well as what it may potentially look like in the future (new activities, innovative skills, etc.). 3. Promoting employment programmes focusing on skilled and unskilled jobs: a medium and long-term perspective (2020-2025) should create a progressive and coordinated network of skilled and unskilled jobs, to meet the future demand of the labour and economic markets. 4. Mixing traditional labour intensive sectors (agribusiness, fisheries) and innovative promising sectors (renewable energies, services in urban areas): an ambitious and balanced youth employment scheme should anticipate labour market needs of tomorrow (2020-25), as the likely development of urban areas will deeply redefine both the supply and demand sides.
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60 IOM Somalia - Research on Youth, Employment and Migration 5. Promoting vertical integration in the agribusiness sector, with a progressive focus on activities generating more added value: while most vocational training and job creation programmes in the agribusiness sector focus on basic skills and labour intensive activities, it is important to develop, in parallel, primary activities: logistics, packaging, marketing, sales, etc. as those segments of the value chain generally capture a more significant proportion of the added value. 6. Increasing efforts to regulate the education sector through two initiatives: 1) harmonise certificate from basic literacy levels for both children and adults up to TVET and higher education level and 2) standardise the curricula between private and public education service providers to ensure the quality of education delivered 7. Emphasizing the need to include youth in peace building efforts to donors and the government, from both an employment perspective and a youth empowerment perspective. This is especially relevant as traditionally peace building has been a domain dominated by older men. 8. Exploring opportunities in developing pilot Special Economic Zones (SEZs) in Somaliland and Puntland. Objective: SEZs provide 1) better infrastructures, 2) enabling business environments (land-use, private property rights…), 3) flexible regulatory and fiscal measures, 4) semi-skilled and skilled labourers; 4) improved standards, making local products more internationally competitive. It would thus provide a signal to investors that the country is committed to supporting private sector development, and could encourage higher levels of foreign investment.
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  • Fall '17
  • IOM, Human migration, Somaliland

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