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Another position statement held by the ANA involves safe medication use in the older adult population. Using the HIS, the nurse is able to collect a medication reconciliation with eachpatient admission, including the name of the medication, dosage, and last time the patient took the medication. If the nurse suspects that the patient may have been prescribed a medication or dose that can be causing their body harm, the nurse is able to use the HIS to communicate with the physician and pharmacist about this potential unsafe medication. An example of using the HIS to ensure safe medication use in older adult patients is to use the daily lab results of the patient’s INR level when determining the appropriate dose of warfarin for the patient to take. If the patient’s INR level is too high, there may be an alert for the nurse to hold the medication and contact the physician for further orders to decrease the INR level. The nurse or pharmacist is ableto evaluate the patient’s INR level in correspondence to the dosage of warfarin they have been given in the hospital. With the goal of these standards to increase patient safety and ensure safe medication use in the older adult population, the use of a health information system is successful in adopting and
ANALYZATION OF HEALTH INFORMATION SYSTEMS 13succeeding the goals. If the HIS program is successful at implementing the Morse fall assessment and alerting the nurse of an adverse safety event, patient falls will decrease, increasing patient safety. The use of a HIS to confirm patient’s medication records and lab resultswill not only increase patient safety, but will allow for the patient’s treatment team to ensure theyare receiving the safest medications for their illness with the least side effects and adverse reactions.
ANALYZATION OF HEALTH INFORMATION SYSTEMS 14ReferencesAmerican Nurses Association. (n.d.). ANA official position statements. Retrieved from: -statements/Mastrian, K. & McGonigle, D. (2017). Informatics for Health Professionals. Burlington, MA: Jones & Bartlett Learning. Office for Civil Rights. (n.d.). The HIPAA Privacy Rule. Retrieved from: Ozair, F., Jamshed, N., Sharma, A., & Aggarwal, P. (2015). Ethical issues in electronic health records: A general overview.Perspectives in clinical research,6(2), 73–76. Pagan, J. (2019). Significant reductions in CLABSIs achieved with daily chlorhexidine bathingin oncology population. Retrieved from -annual-congress-2017/significant-reductions-in-clabsis-achieved-with-daily-chlorhexidine-bathing-in-oncology-population/Tan, J., & Payton, F. (2017). Adaptive Health Management Information Systems: Concepts, Cases, and Practical Applications (3rd ed.). Burlington, MA: Jones & Bartlett Learning
ANALYZATION OF HEALTH INFORMATION SYSTEMS 15The Office of the National Coordinator for Health Information Technology. (2015). Guide to privacy and security of electronic health information (Ver 2.0). Retrieved from:
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Electronic health record, Health Information Systems