Condensation can compress several ideas into one. Through symbolization, one thing may stand for another. Freud’s Iceberg, or topographic model: o Conscious mind – the part of your mental functioning you can observe when you simply turn your attention inward o Preconscious mind – ideas you are not thinking about right now but you could easily bring into consciousness o Unconscious mind – the only way to bring it to the surface is by digging
Parapraxis - another name for the classic Freudian slip o Forgetting The manifestation of an unconscious conflict revealing itself in your behavior All lapses reveal unconscious conflict Ex. forgetting you had a date planned because you were skeptical about going in the first place o Slips Unintended actions caused by the leakage of suppressed thoughts or impulses This can be anything from calling your boyfriend by your ex’s name or breaking a vase your mother loved after she walked out on your family There are no accidents Anxiety and Defense o Defense mechanisms are ways to prevent things like anxiety Denial Prevent perception of source anxiety “No! That’s not possible!” Repression Prevent recall that may remind one of the source of the anxiety “I forgot” Reaction formation Protect against a forbidden thought by instigating the opposite “Pornography is the biggest menace to humanity there is” Projection Attribute an unwanted impulse or attribute in oneself to other people “I’m surrounded by morons” Rationalization Create a seemingly logical reason for doing something shameful “You have to be cruel to be kind” Intellectualization Translate a threatening situation into cold, intellectual terms “After a prolonged period of
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