This bold strategy eventually led to the victory at

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troops head on. This bold strategy eventually led to the victory at Saratoga when General Burgoyne surrendered his troops after being surrounded. This battle shocked the world.The Battles of Saratoga had an enormous impact on the development of our country. After our victory at the Battle of Bemis Heights, foreign, especially European, nations began to look at the colonists and believe that they could defeat the military superpower known as Great Britain. After this battle, the French decided to join the Americans and fight the British. The French saw our victory as an opportunity for them to create a formal alliance with us without any fear of an American collapse. At first, France tried to create a Franco-Spanish intervention, however Spain procrastinated and did not respond. The French were convinced that they had to intervene quickly and therefore signed a treaty without Spanish accompaniment. The terms of the treaty signed on February 6, 1778 stated that France recognized the independence of the United States and both countries promised each other land in the new world. They also promised to prosecute the war until American power had been assured. This was monumental towards our eventual winning of the American Revolution. This also gave the French a legitimate reason to fight with their much hated enemy. The French provided us with much needed troops, clothing, ammunition, and leadership. One young French general, Marquis de Lafayette, played a critical role in helping the Americans survive the winter
at Valley Forge. He along with other foreign leaders helped us deliver the final blow at the Battle of Yorktown which gave us our freedom. America would be a completely different country today if we did not gain the support of foreign nations and if we did not win the Battle of Bemis Heights.The British employed a very strong war strategy that, if properly executed, could have won the Revolutionary war. The British strategy involved military action in three different areas. First, the British planned to capture Philadelphia, the area where the American congress was located. This responsibility was placed on William Howe. Second, an attack from Canada down to Lake Champlain and eventually to Albany, New York. This was to be done by General Burgoyne. Lastly, the British would move their forces from their base in New York City up the Hudson River, to meet Burgoyne. The overall intended goal of these actions would be to split the colonies into two, isolating New England from the South. One of the reasons why this plan did not work was that the exact role each general had to fulfill, was not properly assigned. An example of this is the blunder of General William Howe. It was intended for Howe to meet Burgoyne at Albany, however Howe changed his plans. He decided to capture Philadelphia instead.

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