100%(2)2 out of 2 people found this document helpful
This preview shows page 27 - 30 out of 33 pages.
and commercial sector fellow marxists like Mao Zedong later took up this idea that Chinawould have eventually found its wayHistorians are mixed - think it accelerated progress but also destroyed local industry while profits were sent abroad
Role of Women 1800s - most farmers lives governed by harvest, custom, and family - confucian social ethics males educated/ women stayed at homeChange most striking in coastal cities -affluent affected by westernpresence - Confucian norms decliningsome of change came from educational system importance of Confucianism declined (purchasing of degrees)1906 abolishment of civil service examinations - western education more desirable Confucian education no longer key to success new public, missionary, and private schools focused less on past role of women also began transitioningmid-Qing - women expected to be objects at homefoot bindingduring 1850 s+ changes appearedemployment in factorieswomen involved in dissident movements (Taiping, Boxer)Qiu Jin - well known revolutionary wrote manifesto calling for female liberation and organized a revolt against the governmentfirst opportunities for women to be educatedmissionaries began to open girls schools rise to female intellectual movement (Ignorant women = ignorant children) - 1905 announced public schools for girls (little appeared) private schools appearedminimal attempts to end foot bindingSummary: Changes came in society with the changing body of China. Confucianism lost prominence and women began to achieve better forms of education. Rise of Modern Japan:Tokugawa shogunate in 19th C End to isolation Meiji Restoration Transformation of Japanesetokugawa shogunate had ruled Japan for 200 yrs in 1800shad revitalized old government systemDrove out foreign traders and missionariesisolated country from outside workMaintained formal relations only with Korea informal trading links with Dutch and Chinese continued at NagasakiCommercial sector began to arise out of period of peace and prosperityclass distinctions were becoming blurredbegan to fall apart though - factionalism, corruption in gov; rural unrestmany samurai lashed out at incompetent governmentNakuru became increasingly rigid - forced peasants to return to landstried to keep isolation approached by western nations for economic interests
Politics Constitution of 1890 Meiji Economics Building a Modern Social Structure Traditional Values and Women’s Rights US was first to be met with success steamships needed a fueling station 1853 Perry asked for answer - officials debated Treaty of Kanagawa- provided for the return of shipwrecked sailors, opening of two ports, and establishment of US consulate in Japan returned later asking for more commercial portssimilar treaties were soon signed with select European nationsthis decision was highly unpopular in many areas