And commercial sector fellow marxists like mao zedong

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and commercial sector fellow marxists like Mao Zedong later took up this idea that China would have eventually found its way Historians are mixed - think it accelerated progress but also destroyed local industry while profits were sent abroad
Role of Women 1800s - most farmers lives governed by harvest, custom, and family - confucian social ethics males educated/ women stayed at home Change most striking in coastal cities -affluent affected by western presence - Confucian norms declining some of change came from educational system importance of Confucianism declined (purchasing of degrees) 1906 abolishment of civil service examinations - western education more desirable Confucian education no longer key to success new public, missionary, and private schools focused less on past role of women also began transitioning mid-Qing - women expected to be objects at home foot binding during 1850 s+ changes appeared employment in factories women involved in dissident movements (Taiping, Boxer) Qiu Jin - well known revolutionary wrote manifesto calling for female liberation and organized a revolt against the government first opportunities for women to be educated missionaries began to open girls schools rise to female intellectual movement (Ignorant women = ignorant children) - 1905 announced public schools for girls (little appeared) private schools appeared minimal attempts to end foot binding Summary: Changes came in society with the changing body of China. Confucianism lost prominence and women began to achieve better forms of education. Rise of Modern Japan: Tokugawa shogunate in 19th C End to isolation Meiji Restoration Transformation of Japanese tokugawa shogunate had ruled Japan for 200 yrs in 1800s had revitalized old government system Drove out foreign traders and missionaries isolated country from outside work Maintained formal relations only with Korea informal trading links with Dutch and Chinese continued at Nagasaki Commercial sector began to arise out of period of peace and prosperity class distinctions were becoming blurred began to fall apart though - factionalism, corruption in gov; rural unrest many samurai lashed out at incompetent government Nakuru became increasingly rigid - forced peasants to return to lands tried to keep isolation approached by western nations for economic interests
Politics Constitution of 1890 Meiji Economics Building a Modern Social Structure Traditional Values and Women’s Rights US was first to be met with success steamships needed a fueling station 1853 Perry asked for answer - officials debated Treaty of Kanagawa- provided for the return of shipwrecked sailors, opening of two ports, and establishment of US consulate in Japan returned later asking for more commercial ports similar treaties were soon signed with select European nations this decision was highly unpopular in many areas

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