Finally our conclusion is fortified by the admonition of the Civil Code that a

Finally our conclusion is fortified by the admonition

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Finally , our conclusion is fortified by the admonition of the Civil Code that a conveyance should be interpreted to effect "the least transmission of right," 9 and is there a better example of least transmission of rights than allowing or permitting only the use, without transfer of ownership, of the formula for Mafran sauce. The foregoing reasons support the conclusion of the Court of Appeals 10 that what was actually ceded and transferred by the respondent patentee Magdalo V. Francisco, Sr. in favor of the petitioner corporation was only the use of the formula. Properly speaking, the Bill of Assignment vested in the petitioner corporation no title to the formula. Without basis, therefore, is the observation of the lower court that the respondent patentee "had been remiss in the compliance of his contractual obligation to cede and transfer to the defendant the formula for Mafran sauce." 2. The next fundamental question for resolution is whether the respondent Magdalo V. Francisco, Sr. was dismissed from his position as chief chemist of the corporation without justifiable cause, and in violation of paragraph 5-(a) of the Bill of Assignment which in part provides that his appointment is "permanent in character." The petitioner submits that there is nothing in the successive memoranda issued by the corporate officers of the petitioner, marked exhibits B, B-1 and B-2, from which can be implied that the respondent patentee was being dismissed from his position as chief chemist of the corporation. The fact, continues the petitioner, is that at a special meeting of the board of directors of the corporation held on October 14, 1960, when the board decided to suspend operations of the factory for two to four months and to retain only a skeletal force to avoid further losses, the two private respondents were present, and the respondent patentee was even designated as the acting superintendent, and assigned the mission of explaining to the personnel of the factory why the corporation was stopping operations temporarily and laying off personnel. The petitioner further submits that exhibit B indicates that the salary of the respondent patentee would not be paid only during the time that the petitioner corporation was idle, and that he could draw his salary as soon as the corporation resumed operations. The clear import of this exhibit was allegedly entirely disregarded by the respondent Court of Appeals, which concluded that since the petitioner resumed partial production of Mafran sauce without notifying the said respondent formally, the latter had been dismissed as chief chemist, without considering that the petitioner had to resume partial operations only to fill its pending orders, and that the respondents were duly notified of that decision, that is, that exhibit B-1 was addressed to Ricardo Francisco, and this was made known to the respondent Victoriano V. Francisco. Besides, the 2
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records will show that the respondent patentee had knowledge of the resumption of production by the corporation, but in spite of such knowledge he did not report for work.
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  • Spring '16
  • Ms. Eva hernandez
  • Appellate court, Trial court

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