Saiz kapasiti pengeluaran 3 Pembelian mesin peralatan 4 Sistem prosedur

Saiz kapasiti pengeluaran 3 pembelian mesin peralatan

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Saiz kapasiti pengeluaran 3. Pembelian mesin & peralatan 4. Sistem & prosedur pemprosesan pengeluaran 5. Rancangan pembelian bahan mentah/sumber lain 6. Bajet belanja mengurus & modal Operational plan: 1. Selection of site/premises 2. Size of the production capacity 3. Purchasing of machinery & equipment 4. Production processing systems & procedures 5. Raw materials/other sources purchasing plan 6. Expenditure & capital expenses budget Pelan operasi - cont (Operational plan)
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Proses transformasi input kepada output memerlukan; 1. perancangan, pengurusan dan pengawalan yang sistematik untuk mencapai matlamat pengeluaran: menepati kualiti yang diharapkan jumlah kuantiti pada masa yang ditetapkan kos pengeluaran yang optimum. 2. Input Perniagaan: Pekerja, bahan mentah, mesin & peralatan, teknologi, informasi dan modal 3. Sistem Transformasi: Rancangan bahan mentah, rekabentuk proses operasi, penentuan terhadap susun atur dan tenaga kerja 4. Output: Produk/perkhidmatan akhir daripada proses transformasi. Transformasi Input kepada Output
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FAKTOR PERSEKITARAN LUAR INPUT BURUH BAHAN MENTAH MESIN/PERALATAN TEKNOLOGI MODAL OUTPUT PRODUK PERKHIDMATAN PRODUK+PERKHIDMATAN PROSES TRANSFORMASI MAKLUM BALAS Rajah di atas menunjukkan model umum proses transformasi input kepada output. Sementara itu output pengeluaran mungkin terdiri daripada produk, perkhidmatan atau kombinasi produk dan perkhidmatan.
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Input to output transformation require: 1. Systematic planning, management and control to achieve production target: meet the quality expectations total quantity on time optimal production cost. 2. Business input: W orkers, raw materials, machinery & equipment, technology, information and capital 3. System Transformation: Raw materials planning, designing operational processes, determining the layout and manpower 4. Output: Product/service at the end of transformation process. Input to Output Transformation
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The above Figure shows the general model of input to output transformation process. Production output may refer to product, services or mix of product and services. INPUT Manpower Raw Material Machine/equipment Technology Capital Output Product Services Mixes Environmental Factors Transformation Process Feedback
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Pelan proses yang jelas boleh membantu syarikat untuk mengenalpasti input yang diperlukan untuk sesuatu proses Di samping itu, syarikat boleh memilih proses yang cekap untuk meminimumkan kos dan masa Syarikat perlu membangunkan aliran proses atau carta pros es untuk melihat dengan lebih jelas proses operasi Kepentingan Pelan Proses
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Explicit process plan helps companies to identify the required inputs for a process Company can choose most efficient process to minimize cost and time Companies need to develop a process flow chart to get clear picture of the whole operation process Importance of Process Plan
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Kapasiti bermaksud keupayaan sesebuah operasi perniagaan mengeluarkan barangan atau perkhidmatan untuk memenuhi keperluan permintaan pasaran.
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  • Summer '19
  • Muhammad Sufi Roslan

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