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normal person and then make a joke about it in order to break the ice…. Treated as normal for all intents.. not differentDeviance disavowal – normalization through the proactive efforts of others. Pretend, shared reality in which my deformity does not exist.Crime: page 141Structuralist views of crime:Functionalist: bad becomes crimes through popular vote or legislative action. Pubic identification and punishment of rule-violators serves a purpose for Society.1.anomie – it is no longer clear to the average citizen what the rules are, or it appears the rules have been suspended. Such a state of affairs.. or normlessness… ex.. hurricane katrina…2.boundary maintenance – to the extent the public is made aware of various acts ofwrongdoing and the consequences that issue from them, deviance serves a boundary maintenance or rule- reinforcing function for society
3.structural strain – Conflict:1.“Deviants” as Robin-Hood-type individuals – deviants of a society may in fact be its robin hoods so cial protesters or rebels violating the norms on behalf of the little people, ordinary citizens….. white-collar.. senior peopleStructural conceptions: both functionalist and conflicts of deviance and crimeProcess conceptions: notions of deviance and crime===Process views of crime: Interactionist:1.Labeling theory – 2.Techniques of neutralization – five.. an individiaul can emply either to legitimate arule violation account after the fact. Denial of responsibility… condemnation of the condemners… page 1433.Accounts – are roughly equivalent to Stokes and Hewitts aligning actions – verbalizations bring conduct into alignment with cultural norms.. to get the behavior publicly defined as non - deviantExcuses – comes in several forms: appeals to accidents…. Appeals to defeasi…. Page 143Justifications – may come in the form of sad tales… I was abused as a child… so I use drugs now… self fulfillment