The work station storage area can be rearranged to reduce traveling distance

The work station storage area can be rearranged to

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The work station, storage area can be rearranged to reduce traveling distance and labour time. The flow process chart also checks and verify the efficiency of proposed floor plan for a new layout. Procedure: Step 1: determine which departments have most frequent links with each other. This is done by totalling entries. Step 2: locate the most active department in the central location in the outline Step 3: by trial and error method locate the other departments so that non-adjacent flow are minimized Step 4: if all non-adjacent moves are minimised the solution is
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11 complete Flow Diagram The flow diagram is used to supplement of the flow process chart. It is graphically representing of work area, machinery, storage area, gang way etc. which path is followed by men or materials is marked on flow diagram. All the symbols and straight lines are joining with each other and make routes to follow by different item are shown in flow diagram. In flow process chart will trace out the undesirable characteristic of layout which is responsible for delay and increasing transportation by study the process flow diagram and flow process chart. It is also show nature of back tracking to help on improving the layout and easy to trace and present layout attractive. String Diagram The string diagram is one of the simplest techniques. String diagram is a model or scale plan which thread is used to trace and measuring the path of workers, material or equipment Machine Data Cards this is effective tool to provide full information for placement or layout of equipment. The card shows the machine capacity, space and power requirement, handling devices and corresponding dimensions. Templates the area taken by a machine is cut to scale from a thick paper is cut to scale from a thick paper to form a template. Not only machine but space covered by furniture, equipment and other components can also form a template these can be shown the well-arranged actual plan of layout to be undertaken.The template technique is an important technique
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12 because unnecessary handling is eliminated,backtracking of materials is minimized, the mechanical handling is possible, and it offers flexibility to meet future changes in the production requirements. Scale Models Scale model provide a three-dimensional layout it is better understanding models are used to represent real situation the color cording can be used to define the plant perfectly and easily understand. The scale model is available for large range of machine tools, equipment, bench, storage cupboard etc. the typical type of models are shown in three-dimensional layout. The model is expensive. in this model there is reduce explanation since the other layout is a replica of real plant. Layout Drawings Complete layout are shown in drawing walls, columns, stairways, m [10 Marks] c) Why is project design and network analysis important? it is the heart of the project entity It defines the sequences of events of the project Time is allocated for each activity It is presented in a form of a network drawing It helps to identify project inputs, finance needed and cost benefit profile of the project [4 Marks]
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  • Spring '14
  • Onyancha PhD

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