However, even childhood rates for both are on the rise Typically, in high school and early college years Those with bulimia are usually not thin One of the key differences Anorexia has genetic component Bulimia doesn’t have a genetic component Socialization has big role in bulimia, (it was modeled for them by a friend or someone else) Binging and purging behaviors are more secretive The rate of this behavior can vary, some as low as once a week with others performing them multiple times a day Bulimics are more open about talking about the disorder because they know that they have one Anorexics usually don’t see themselves as having a disorder Binge eating - Rapid food intake - Foods usually choosen that are soft and easy on the stomach - Can take 1000-3000 calories in a single step Binges are usually brought on by moments of anxiety/tension and feelings of helplessness Eating the food feels great. Endorphins rush and feelings of pleasure satisfaction Bulimia onset - Typically, onset is often after a period of strict dieting - First types of binge eating occur during those periods of denial in a diet
Health Disparity- - When a demographic group has worse health outcomes compared to another demographic group that can’t be accounted for based on biology alone Genital plastic surgery (mostly for woman) Increased more than 30% since 2006 Steroids- Anabolic Steroids- used to enhance body image and athletic performance - Can cause serious and permanent body damage - Can cause heart attacks, stroke, liver damage, and personality change - Can cause the body to shut down production of testosterone breasts will grow and testicles atrophy Variation in sexual desire (fetishes/kinks) We know very little about how they form A kink- something that you like (ex: blowjobs) Fetish- involves an object in sexual environment (ex: high heeled shoes) - Many are thought to be conditioned (often highly controversial) Fetishes and kinks are not considered disorders, just variations in sexual interest and are perfectly healthy views Ex: - If you do something that is not consensual - If the fetish or kink causes permanent injury - Pleasure cant be gained from doing anything else (a healthy sexual includes a little variation) Popular Contemporary Ethical Issues Socially in Research Moralism: An attitude that emphasizes moral behavior usually according to strict standards as the highest goal of human life Pluralism: An attitude that affirms the value of many competing opinions and beliefs that the truth is discovered in the clash of diverse perspectives Sexual Laws- Most societies attempt to regular sexual behavior both by custom and law Why? Attempts to protect the individual, integrity of the person/family, and attempts to protect societies morals Difficulties and Confusions who’s morals? What kinds of families? Obscenity- Erotica vs Porn Erotica- positive evaluation of sexually explicit material whereas porn often connotes the prurient depiction of sexual acts with little or no artistic value In practice, pornography can be defined merely as erotica that is perceived as “obscene”
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- Spring '14