intellectual impairments Pretensepretend play less impaired for girls with ASD

Intellectual impairments pretensepretend play less

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intellectual impairments Pretense/pretend-play less impaired for girls with ASD-Extreme Male Brain Theory of ASD= Simon Baron-Cohen proposed that those with ASD fall at the extreme high end of a continuum of cognitive abilities with systemizing (understanding the inanimate world), and at the extreme low end of abilities associated with empathizing (understanding our social world) oThough both abilities are present in both males and females, males are presumed to generally show more systemizing and females more empathizingoProposed to help explain the high ratio of males to females with ASDoSomewhat controversial – goes into the whole “from Mars not Venus” sociological stuff -Rates of ASD are comparable across racial and ethnic groups (slightly more Caucasian children with ASD than African American children, even less children with ASD for Hispanic children)-Societies differ in how they integrate ASD into their cultural frameworks; some view children with ASD as having special skills or being more in touch with the spirit world, while others hide their children with ASD from societyAge of Onset-Diagnosis of ASD usually made in the pre-K period or lateroMost parents start becoming seriously concerned a year or more before a diagnosis is made (typically in the months before the child turns 2)Deficits become increasingly noticeable at ~age 2, although elements are probably present and noticed earlier-Period from 12-18M seems to be the earliest point in dev. that ASD can be detected -Onset of symptoms may be more accurately represented as being on a continuumbased on the amountand timing of lossof previously acquired skills -Currently diagnoses around age 2-3 years are stable for most children oIt is likely that with increasing research ASD can and will be reliably detected at an earlier age (esp. those with low IQ)
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-In a campaign to raise awareness about the importance of early identification for intervention, the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) has recommended that all children be screened for ASD at 18 M and 24 MCourse and Outcome-Children with ASD develop along different pathways -Some (25% or more) show normal dev. for the first year or longer followed by regression= the loss of previous acquired language and social skills, with an onset of ASDoOthers appear to later improve significantly-Most symptoms show a gradual improvement with age, even though children continue to experience many problems oAbnormalities such as stereotyped motor movements, anxiety, and socially inappropriate beh.s are common – even in high-functioning individuals oHigh functioning individuals can also experience loneliness, social problems, and work difficultiesComplex obsessive-compulsive rituals may develop, and talking may be idiosyncratic and preservative, there could be monotonous tone, and self-talk-The two strongest predictors of adult outcomes in children with ASD are IQ (better outcomes for those with IQ scores above 70) and language development o
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