Final study guide 2nd half 15 ho lead the resistance

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Final Study Guide (2nd Half) - 15 Ho lead the resistance Geneva Peace Conference: divided Vietnam into 2 zones Ho in North (w/ soviets), France and US in south Problem: US worried about spread of communism → Vietnam war Rise of US to Global Power Post WWII: Europe lay in ruins but US experienced economic expansion and rising standard of living Americans could afford more consumer goods than ever before Home ownership more common Japan: US wanted to incorporate Japan into first world → gave military protection, investment, and technology Cold War & Its Legacies 727-734, 741 (Legacy, 3 worlds) What: After WWII, communism and liberal democracy competed to rebuild states Communism: gained new appeal in Easter Europe b/c of horrors of fascism & not aware of Stalin’s crimes Affect: US scared Soviets would spread communism → Truman advocated Containment → Cold War Germany Split into West and East → East built a wall to insulate from capitalist propaganda and stop people from fleeing communism Effect: Berlin Wall = symbol of divided Europe and Cold War Marshall Plan : provide 13 billion to reconstruct Europe Why: US wanted to contain spread of communism in Europe & hoped aid would dim communist appeal NATO: military alliance btwn countries in western Europe and North America Effect: Stalin wanted to dominate eastern Europe Warsaw Pact: Soviet response to NATO, military alliance of Soviets and communist nations Atomic Bomb Soviets: worked hard to catch up to Americans Effect: arms race/ stockpile nuclear weapons Korean War What: North Korea w/ Soviets invaded South Korea Reaction: Truman ordered troops to drive back north koreans US and UN pushed north koreans close to china, stalin had china allies push back Effect: energized American anticommunist commitment and increased NATO US saw Japan as communist bulwark so tried to help rebuild it * both West Germany & Japan went from being WWII allies to valued US ally during Cold War against communism
Final Study Guide (2nd Half) - 16 Globalization What: development of integrated worldwide cultural and economic structures End of the Cold War Star Wars: Reagan’s investment in space to protect from threat of nuclear bombs Military spending on both sides lead to economic troubles Afghanistan Soviets set up puppet regime but US financed insurgents to fight them Effect: undermined image of “mighty” soviet force Soviet Collapse What: planned economies kept the Soviet population employed, yet failed to supply sufficient consumer goods Health care was poor Political system relied on deception and coercion Gorbachev’s Reform: Allowed free speech and economic reform → destabilized socialism and states in USSR pushed for independence Cold War ended when USSR fell apart Finance and Trade What: 1970s USA: budget and trade deficits made Nixon take dollar off

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