WatergateA general term used to describe a complex web of political scandals between 1972 and 1974. The word specifically refers to the Watergate Hotel in Washington D.C. At this complex, the office of the Democratic National Committee was burgled on June 17th, 1972. The burglary and subsequent cover-up by the Nixon administration eventually led to moves to impeach President Richard Nixon, who resigned his presidency on August 8, 1974.Guzman in Guatemala The CIA carried out a covert operation in 1954 to depose the democratically elected Guatemalan President Jacobo Arbenz (aka Guzman) and end the Guatemalan Revolution in 1954 known as the Guatemalan Coup D’Etat. Code-named Operation PBSUCCESS, it installed the military dictatorship of Carlos Castillo Armas, who turned out to be the first in a series of US-backed dictators to rule over Guatemala.Mossadegh in Iran Mossadegh became Prime Minister of Iran in 1951, and attempted to nationalize Iranian oil production, which had previously been run and exploited by the British. The British stopped oil production in hopes of making Mossadegh more agreeable, but this failed, and the British quickly abandoned the idea of declaring war on Iran due to personnel issues. As such, they decided to install a new government in Iran, so MI6 partnered with the CIA to stage communist upheaval, and therefore justify sending in troops. The Shah, whose dictatorship was marked by torture and repression, was installed by the US and Britain in a 1953 coup.