Nsc 68 national security council paper nsc 68

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NSC-68 National Security Council Paper NSC-68 (entitled “US Objectives and Programs for National Security” and frequently referred to as NSC-68) was a Top-Secret report completed by the US Department of State’s Policy Planning Staff on April 7, 1950. The 58-page memorandum is among the most influential documents composed by the US Government during the Cold War, and was not declassified until 1975. Its authors argued that one of the most pressing threats confronting the US was the “hostile design” of the USSR. The authors concluded that the Soviet threat would soon be greatly augmented by the addition of more weapons, including nuclear weapons, to the Soviet arsenal. They argued that the best course of action was to respond in kind with a massive build-up of the US military and its weaponry.U-2 Spy Incident An international diplomatic crisis erupted in May 1960 when the USSR shot down an American U-2 spy plane in Soviet air space and captured its pilot, Francis Gary Powers. Confronted with the evidence of his nation’s espionage, President Eisenhower was forced to admit to the Soviets that the US Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) had been flying spymissions over the USSR for several years. The Soviets convicted Powers on espionage charges and sentenced him to 10 years in prison. However, after serving less than two years, he was released in exchange for a captured Soviet agent in the first-ever US-USSR “spy swap.” The U-2spy plane incident raised tensions between the US and the Soviets during the Cold War.
WatergateA general term used to describe a complex web of political scandals between 1972 and 1974. The word specifically refers to the Watergate Hotel in Washington D.C. At this complex, the office of the Democratic National Committee was burgled on June 17th, 1972. The burglary and subsequent cover-up by the Nixon administration eventually led to moves to impeach President Richard Nixon, who resigned his presidency on August 8, 1974.Guzman in Guatemala The CIA carried out a covert operation in 1954 to depose the democratically elected Guatemalan President Jacobo Arbenz (aka Guzman) and end the Guatemalan Revolution in 1954 known as the Guatemalan Coup D’Etat. Code-named Operation PBSUCCESS, it installed the military dictatorship of Carlos Castillo Armas, who turned out to be the first in a series of US-backed dictators to rule over Guatemala.Mossadegh in Iran Mossadegh became Prime Minister of Iran in 1951, and attempted to nationalize Iranian oil production, which had previously been run and exploited by the British. The British stopped oil production in hopes of making Mossadegh more agreeable, but this failed, and the British quickly abandoned the idea of declaring war on Iran due to personnel issues. As such, they decided to install a new government in Iran, so MI6 partnered with the CIA to stage communist upheaval, and therefore justify sending in troops. The Shah, whose dictatorship was marked by torture and repression, was installed by the US and Britain in a 1953 coup.

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