Camaraderie individuals receive joy and pleasure from

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- Camaraderie: Individuals receive joy and pleasure from interactions with significant others.- Informational: Learning takes place when group members share their knowledge with others inthe group.- Normative: Different groups enforce established nonns in various ways.- Empowerment: Change can be made by groups at times when individuals alone are ineffective.- Governance: Large organizations often have leadership that is provided by groups rather than bya sinsle individual.TYPES OF GROUPS:- Task groups ---+ These groups are formed to accomplish a specific outcome.- Focus on solving problems and making decisions.
- Teaching groups ---+ Convey knowledge and information to a number of individuals.- Supportive/therapeutic groups -> Prevent future upsets by teaching the participants ways ofdealing with emotional stress arising from situational or developmental crises.Therapeutic groups versus group therapy:- Group therapy is a form of psychosocial treatment in which a number of clients meettogether with a therapist for purposes of sharing, gaining personal insight, and improvinginterpersonal coping strategies.- Therapeutic groups are based to a lesser extent on theory. Focus is on group relations,interactions between group members, and the consideration of a selected issue.- Leaders of both types of groups must be knowledgeable about group process as well asgroup content.Self-help groups:- Clients talk about their fears and relieve feelings of isolation, while receiving comfort andadvice from others undergoing similar expenences.- Composed of individuals with a similar problem- May or may not have a professional leader- Run by members, and leadership often rotates from member to member- Nurse may function as a referral agent, resource person, member of an advisory board, orleader ofthe group.-+ A client expresses a desire to begin attending the self-help group Alcoholics Anonymous (AA).Which nursing response gives the client pertinent information about this type of group? AA is atype of self-help group.- In this type of group members share their experiences and strengths and receive comfort andadvice from others undergoing similar experiences.- The nurse is giving the client pertinent information about AA.PHYSICAL CONDITIONS THAT INFLUENCE GROUP DYNAMICS:- Seating --+ Should be no barrier between the members -> A circle of chairs is better than chairsset around a table.- Size ---+ Group size does make a difference in the interaction among members.- The larger the group, the less time is available to devote to individual members.- 7 or 8 members provide a favorable climate for optimal group interaction and relationshipdevelopment.- Open-ended groups are those in which members leave and others join at any time while thegroup is active- The continuous movement of members in and out creates discomfort that encouragesunsettled behaviors in individual members and fosters the exploration of feelings.

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