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Highest ranking churchmen came from first estate

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 highest ranking churchmen came from first estate, lowest ranking from  common stock 3.   Peasants (villiens, serfs, and eventually merchants and craftsmen)-  tied legally  to specific parcels of land Class systems (modern) -  happened only bc of industrialization. OPEN. In theory,  commonly thought that best people work their own way into the highest ranks  (ACHIEVED)2. Regards inequality as legitimate because people end up where they  deserve to be Theoretical conceptions of class Karl marx-  crucial thing was where on stood in relation to means of production Proletariat-  working class, lower class Bourgeoisie-  factory owners, upper class Max weber-  crucial thing was where one stood in the market situation Social stratification multi-dimensional: Believed secretary and rich baseball player in same class because both sell their labor,  but baseball player in higher economic class due to market situation Power-  ability to impose one’s will or get one’s way even when faced with opposition of  others Status-  degree to which one has social honor
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Chapter 12: Stratification and Inequality 22:26 class =  socioeconomic standing or SES  ( income education, occupational  prestige, wealth overall assessment ) IOWE Socioeconomic Standing (SES) This is the most common measure (from a sociological perspective) of assigning or  determining social class This combines one’s income, education, occupational prestige (power), and wealth to  determine one’s social class Social Classes in the U.S. Upper Class (Blue Bloods): Percent of population: 1% Ascribed Income: >1m annually Source of income:  investments, assets Occupations: investors, executives Edu: ivy league, minimally bachelors degree Upper Middle Class: Percent of population:  20% Income: 75k to 1m annually Source of income:  salaries Occupation: upper level managers, professionals (doctors, lawyers) Edu: many have post-graduate edu, very politically active Lower Middle Class: Percent of population: 30% Income: 35k to 75k Income source:  Salary & wage , some wealth in homes Occupations: low level managers, semi-professionals, small business owners Edu: some college, maybe Working Class (Industrial Proletariat) Percent of Population: 30% Income: 25k to 40k
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Chapter 12: Stratification and Inequality 22:26 Sources of Income:  Wage Occupations: Laborers, clerical, retail sales Edu: HS Grad Working Poor Class Percent of population: 12% Income: 12k to 25k Occupations: low level service work, unskilled laborers Edu: some HS Underclass Percent of population: 8% Income: <12k Sources of income: public assistance, underground economy Occupations: unemployed Edu: some HS Slavery Can exist within caste, estate, and class systems Slavery (achieved)
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