What faith or cultural traditions will you teach your

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Development Through Life: A Psychosocial Approach
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Chapter 11 / Exercise 05
Development Through Life: A Psychosocial Approach
Newman/Newman
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What faith or cultural traditions will you teach your child? While you may have had little reason to discuss these issues with your partner before, they may surface when you discuss whether to have children. Are family members, friends, or the community eager for you to have children? Would they step in and play roles that would support your decision? The choice to have one or more children is one of the most important and exciting decisions a person or couple can make. Ideally, you get to make this decision vol u nta ri ly after thoug htfu I consideration of these questions and with careful planning (Kiernan, 2004). transition to parenthood does affect the quality of a couple's relationship (Lawrence, Rothman, Cobb, Rothman, & Bradbury, 2008; Waite & Joyner, 200 1). Consider this important topic further in "Communication Matters: To Have or Not to Have Children?" ENSURING A HEALTHY PREGNANCY Once the choice has been made to have a child and the timing has been decided, there are things a woman can do to ensure a healthy pregnancy. A healthy pregnancy begins long before a woman gets pregnant. Good nutrition, exercise, and regular prenatal care can have positive effects for both the woman and her fetus. Preparing the Body for Pregnancy Because so much prenatal development occurs even before a woman knows she is preg- nant, it is important chat she prepares her body before getting pregnant. The CDC (2012a) offers the following five steps to aid in the preparation for a healthy pregnancy: 1. Take 400 micrograms (mcg) of folic acid every day for at least 3 months before get- ting pregnant to help prevent birth defects. 2. Stop smoking and drinking alcohol. 251
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Development Through Life: A Psychosocial Approach
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Chapter 11 / Exercise 05
Development Through Life: A Psychosocial Approach
Newman/Newman
Expert Verified
252 fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) A pattern of mental and physical defects that can develop in a fetus in association with high levels of alcohol consumption during pregnancy. fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASDs) A group of conditions (including FAS) that can occur in a person whose mother ingested alcohol during pregnancy. HUMAN SEXUALlTY 3. Make sure chat any preexisting medical conditions are under control. These include asthma, diabetes, obesity, epilepsy, and oral health. Ensure chat your vaccinations are up-to-date. 4. Talk with your health care provider about any over-the-counter medication or pre- scription medication you are taking. This includes any dietary or herbal supplements. 5. Avoid toxic substances or material that can cause infection. Stay away from chemicals and feces from cats and rodents. Some factors can have serious negative effects before and during pregnancy, includ- ing legal and illegal drugs, alcohol, and nicotine. Many medications can have a negative impact on a pregnancy. A woman using a prescribed medication should cell the doc- tor who prescribed it that she may become pregnant, or that she is pregnant, to make sure that the drug will harm neither her health nor the health of the developing fetus.

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