First_Peoples_and_Immigrants.pdf

China town in san francisco economic recession in

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China Town in San Francisco ! Economic recession in 1870s
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Barring the Chinese ! The Workingmen’s Party of California, 1877 ! “The Chinese Must Go!” ! U.S. Congress acts: Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882 ! Prohibited Chinese from entering the U.S. for ten years (renewable) ! Chinese in U.S. could return to China, but . . . could not come back to U.S. Significance: First restriction placed on any immigrant group in U.S. U.S. v. Won Kim Ark (1897): ! Children of Chinese immigrants born in U.S. WERE citizens
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Back to the Big Question: Who gets to be an American citizen, and on what terms? 1. The Freedmen: ! Wanted full citizenship ! Won full citizenship rights ! Had those rights stripped away by force 2. The Native American Indians: ! Wanted to maintain tribal citizenship ! Were forced to become U.S. citizenship ! Citizens with clear restrictions on their freedoms 3. Immigrants: ! Most could become naturalized citizens; many did. ! Asian immigrants could not become naturalized. ! Chinese were barred from immigrating. ! Birthright U.S. citizenship is law for all immigrant children.
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One Final Note In America, it was never over. The national trend has been that individuals and groups keep on fighting for their rights, even after major defeats. All three groups here will get back up and fight for their version of Freedom. Before we come to the end of this course, all three will gain their basic rights. At least to some extent.
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