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destroyed voter registration records or attempted to block a person from registering to vote.Theintegration of the United States armed services, which began under President Truman, wascompleted during Eisenhower's administration. Finally, in 1957 Eisenhower deployed federaltroops to aid with the integration of Central High School in Little Rock, Arkansas.
256Compiled by ECP @englishforcss #03053010200Eisenhower's foreign policyEisenhower’s eight years in officewere relatively peaceful ones for the nation. He ended theKorean War with a July 1953 armistice, and did not take the country into war in Vietnam whencommunists took over part of that country in 1954 (though he did supply South Vietnam withmilitary advisers and equipment). In concert with Nikita Khrushchev, his Soviet counterpart,Eisenhower voluntarily suspended nuclear atmospheric testing in 1958, although an official test-ban treaty would not be signed until after he left office.The Cold War framedEisenhower’s foreign policy. Cold War thinking frequently took on an"us-versus-them" mindset, and this view of the world as one polarized between Soviettotalitarian communism (them) and American democracy and freedoms (us) saw Eisenhower’sadministration both provide aid to dictators friendly to US interests (the Shah of Iran, FulgencioBatista in Cuba, for example) and authorize covert CIA missions to overthrow governmentssympathetic to the Soviets. For example, in 1954 Eisenhower authorized the CIA to depose thedemocratically elected president of Guatemala, Jacobo Arbenz.The Eisenhower administration’s national security strategy was called theNew Look. It reliedon strategic nuclear weapons and air power while scaling back conventional army and navyforces. A nuclear arsenal was cheaper to maintain than paying a standing army: "more bang forthe buck," the popular slogan went.New Look policy gave rise to talk of the need to employ a diplomacy ofbrinksmanship: awillingness on the part of American leaders to take the world to the brink of a nuclear war withthe hope that the Soviets would back down in the face of a potential US nuclear strike. But thestakes were high. If brinksmanship failed, nuclear war might result. Consequently, fear ofnuclear war weighed heavily on the minds of Americans during the Eisenhower era.What do you think?Why do you think President Eisenhower was so popular?What accounted for the incredible rise in the nation’s wealth during the 1950s?How would you characterize President Eisenhower’s domestic politics?Anticommunism in the 1950sLearn about the Rosenberg trial, HUAC, and Joseph McCarthy.OverviewRevelations that spies in the US atomic program had passed secrets to the Soviet Union set off anationwide panic that communist spies might be infiltrating many American institutions.Allegations that Hollywood was rife with communists led theHouse Committee on Un-American Activities (HUAC) to investigate many actors, writers, and directors during the1950s. Alleged communists were placed on a blacklist and barred from working in Hollywood.

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Native Americans in the United States, Ancestral Pueblos

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