The process by which our perception of reality is largely shaped by the subjective meaning that we have to experience ii. Definition of the situation 1. Meaning that we analyze a social context in which we find ourselves, determine what is in our best interest, and adjust our attitudes and actions accordingly iii. Self-fulfilling prophecy 1. False belief or prediction that produces behavior that makes the originally false belief come true a. Person who is told they aren’t a good student, repeatedly, and eventually believes it and stops studying and does bad because of it c. Ethnomethodology i. Study of the commonsense knowledge that people use to understand the situations in which they find themselves ii. Coined by Harold Garfinkel 1. Interaction-Based on shared assumptions iii. Breaching experiments 1.Assigned different activities to his students to see how breaking the unspoken rules of behavior created confusion ii. Impression Management (Presentation of self) 1. Refers to people’s efforts to present themselves to others in ways that are most favorable to their own interest or image. iii. Face-Saving behavior 1. Refers to the strategies we use to rescue our performance when we experience a potential or actual loss of face iv. Front stage 1. Area where a player performs a specific role before an audience v. Back stage 1. Area where a player is not required to perform a specific role because it is out of view of an audience e. The Sociology of Emotions i. Feeling Rules 1. Shapes the appropriate emotions for a given role or specific situation 2. Appropriate for status and role ii. Emotional labor 1. Occurs only in jobs that require personal contact with the public or the production of a state of mind 2. Based on occupation
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- Fall '16