Over time other nations joined the union and equipment manufacturers and

Over time other nations joined the union and

This preview shows page 23 - 25 out of 75 pages.

Over time other nations joined the union, and equipment manufacturers and telecommunication carriers from both the public and the private sectors participated in working groups to assist the ITU in establishing technical standards The demands of the information society and global economy find telecommunications systems and services being privatized in an era of deregulation the balance of power has shifted with the liberalization of the telecommunications environment to the private sector The current situation in the ITU is becoming awkward, private sector members are providing an estimated over 90 percent of the intellectual and technical contributions that underpin the ITU’s recommendations and technical standards new reality needs to be dealt with in order for the ITU to retain its global technical decision-making role Speed and broad participation is not a hallmark of the ITU’s style of bureaucratic management yet the private sector wants greater influence at future conferences, and a say in the ITU ’s future direction ITU has been slow to respond even though liberalization and privatization have been part of the global information economy for over a decade
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peripheral nations enjoy their voting status at the ITU and do not want to see it diluted by adding private sector voting rights the ITU realizes that if it fails to respond, many major telecommunications players could shift their interests, role, and advice to other regional groups to the ultimate detriment of the ITU in the twenty-first century The ITU now has a concern for the growing gap between “the information rich” and “the information poor,” or the digital divide, as the literature now refers to it. World Summit on the Information Society · The United Nations endorsed the World Summit on the Information Society (WSIS) in 2001 the summit was to take a global approach to the impact of the information society (IS) sought ways to make the IS equitable and inclusive by discussing issues such as access, capacity, and connectivity · Particular attention was paid to e-learning, e-education, e-governance, e-media, and e-trade · final plan of action aimed at reducing the digital divide emerged from the second phase, but there are already two areas of contention -> first relates to the NWICO UNESCO, the ITU, and the United Nations all played a part in the contentious debate about NWICO issues such as reducing imbalances in IT systems and calls for greater diversity of media ownership appeared in the declaration of principles These and other claims of chronic imbalances clearly reflect aspects of the earlier NWICO feud Second, perhaps more explosive, issue relates to the governance of the Internet the current assignment of Internet names is carried out by the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers WSIS took up the issue and wanted ICANN, which is US-centric, to become a global agency
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