have it but the additional testosterone in males stimulates the growth of the

Have it but the additional testosterone in males

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have it, but the additional testosterone in males stimulates the growth of the male sex organs in the fetus and the development of the male sex characteristics during puberty Role- a set of expectations(norms) about a social position, defining how those in the position ought to behave Gender Role- a set of expected behaviors for males and for females Gender Identity- one’s sense of being male or female Gender-Typing- the acquisition of a traditional masculine or feminine role Social Learning Theory- the theory that we learn social behavior by observing and imitating and by being rewarded or punished Gender Schema Theory- the theory that children learn from their cultures a concept of what it means to be male and female and that they adjust their behavior accordingly Review Chapter 3 Hereditary Influences- inherited/genetic traits, such as one’s basic personality Chromosomes- threadlike structures made of DNA that contains genes; we have 46 total DNA- contains the genetic information that makes up the chromosomes Genes- part of DNA that can synthesize protein Gender Schema- learning from culture what it means to be male or female to adjust behavior accordingly Twin Studies- twins are often used to study how heredity and environment affect our behavior Gender Identity- one’s sense of being male or female Temperament- individual’s characteristic emotional reactivity and intensity Prenatal Development- enrichment activities to develop the brain; the more neural activity, the less pruning there will be later on Collectivism- see and label yourself according to one’s group Mutation- random error in gene replication leading to a change; can later become a dominant trait Natural Selection- inheriting traits that make us more selectable and/or survivable Attitudes About Sex- varies in each gender; males more likely to initiate sexual activity Norms- accepted standards of behavior Gender Role- expected behaviors for males and females Individualism- see and label yourself separately from one’s group; more personal
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Evolutionary Psychology- study of evolution of behavior and mind; natural selection principles used Social Learning Theory- theory that we learn social behavior by observing and imitating Heritability- proportion of variability among individuals that can be attributed to genes; affected by environment Role of Culture- influences that we pass on; change over time; culture greatly affects our self image; example is personal space Testosterone/Estrogen- T for males, E for women; both genders have both, but have more amounts of one Personality Development- nature vs. nurture; influenced by environment and genetics; culture affects how we raise children; that is what affects their personality
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