3.)Trying to protect the country by building missile defenses is a fool's errand→ why?
1. Liberalism: Key principles School of thought based on: - Rejection of power of politics - - need for international cooperation, economic ties, international law and shared values - The role of nonstate actors in shaping state preferences and policy choices *Liberalism claims that- international anarchy does not necessarily lead to conflict and wars. *Liberalism opposes realist explanations which emphasize cost benefit analysis and state sec. Interests. *Liberalism idealism- the belief that principles of liberalism will bring about an international system of peaceful, prosperous sovereign states *Political liberalism- a powerful social and political movement of the 19th century that challenged nobility and inherited privileges. 2. Liberalism: Key events shaping up this approach - was rooted in the European history and the early 20th century experience - stemmed from the principles of liberal idealism (related to humanism and the Enlightenment) and political liberalism * Liberal thinker believed that human reason could bring about an international system of peaceful and prosperous sover. states 3. Which US president was the first active promoter of the liberal internationalist view of international politics? 4. The New Thinking concept in international relations Under Gorbachev's leadership the Soviet Union has embarked on major domestic reforms and proclaimed the need for new political thinking in international relations. This new thinking, which Gorbachev set out most recently last December in his speech to the United Nations, embraces a number of propositions about the nature of international relations in the modern world: human interests take precedence over the interests of any particular class; the world is becoming increasingly interdependent; there can be no victors in a nuclear war; security has to be based increasingly on political rather than military instruments; and security must be mutual, especially in the context of U.S.-Soviet relations, since if one side is insecure it will only make the other side insecure too. This new thinking rejects many basic assumptions of earlier Soviet foreign policy, and should be understood primarily as a response to the crisis in foreign relations to which Leonid I. Brezhnev's policies had brought the Soviet Union by the early 1980s.
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