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HIST 103—Rome

44 bce julius caesar was killed by senate the second

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44 BCE Julius Caesar was killed by Senate The Second Triumvirate Octavian Augustus Julius Caesar’s grand-nephew Controlled the west
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Loved Cleopatra, launched a propaganda against Marc Anthony Rome’s First Emperor Pretended Rome was a republic Established an elite guard Senate made decrees Approved by Augustus beforehand Sharp class divisions Senatorial (1 million sesterces) Equestrian (400,000) Lower classes Moral reforms Ruled 54 years Marc Anthony Controlled the east Made alliance with Egyptian queen Cleopatra Fell in love with her Committed suicide and Octavian gained control Marcus Lepidus Pax Romana 27 BCE—180 BCE (Peace of Rome) Bad Emperors Nero
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Persecution of the Jews Persecution of the Christians Rome burned while on holiday 5 Good Emperors 96-180 CE Including Trajan and Hadrian pubic works Hadrian’s walls Pantheon Expansion The Greatest Extent of the Roman Empire—14 CE 3.5 millions sq. miles  50 million people Marcus Aurelius, last of the 5 died in 180 CE End to Pax Romana  Commodus, son of Marcus Very cruel and pervious man After 12 years, assassinated by Senate) Severus 193-235 constant civil war (49 years-22 emperors, 20 murdered) Saviors?: Diocletian and Constantine Diocletian 284-305 Constantine 306-333
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Byzantium Constantinople After him, the empire divided into east and west Center moves to east Germanic Tribes Huns  Odoacer Religion Polytheism Zoroastrianism Cult of Mithras Judaism Christianity The Rise of Christianity Christians volunteered for martyrdom Paul of Tarsus, missionary journeys A.D. 46-72 Was responsible for the spread to non-Jews Ideal person to spread Christianity Roman citizen, gave him great advantages Apostle to the Gentiles Constantine: 32-337
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Mother was a Christian, could be possible influence Edict of Milan, 313 Made Christianity legal Became the religion of the empire  Constantinople 2 nd  Rome, Founded in 330 Architecture, and prime location (harbor) Barbarian Invasions 4CE-5CE Welcomed Germanic tribes into the legion Attila the Hun: “The Scourge of God” Cousins of the nomads in northern China Very destructive Causes revolts in 477, deposed the last Roman emperor End to the empire in the west Loss of knowledge, architecture, language, art Byzantium: The Eastern Roman Empire Justinian Wanted to re-conquer Roman empire Married a woman younger than him, who was an actor The Legacy of Rome Republican Government Roman Law—(property law) Latin language Roman Catholic Church City planning Romanesque Architectural Style Roman Engineering Aqueducts Sewage systems Dames Cement  Arch 
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44 BCE Julius Caesar was killed by Senate The Second...

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