or refined the use of valves and pistons, devised some of the first mechanical clocks driven by water and weights, and was the father of robotics. Among his 50 other inventions was the combination lock. The sources that the author created this argument from is pretty complex. He analyzed in depth the different culture aspect of the Muslims and Cordoba’s and compared them to each other. Gaining the understanding of how one can easily create and live off the mere aspects of nature, can get someone critically analyzing their lives today. He used the comparison of the Cordoba’s living off nothing but meats and vegies which were simple to grow for their own eating habits, the use of pistons, mechanical clocks, and more.
The conclusion of the article is very precise. The author proves their argument and their points very well. The economy, too, showed signs of stagnation which predated the better-known difficulties of the mid-sixteenth century. Córdoba had always lived primarily from agriculture and this state of affairs continued, despite the problems of grain and meat supply in the period between 1502 and 1508. It has been argued in the case of grain, and the same may apply to meat, that the shortages were due to a refusal by producers, mainly nobles, to bring their goods to market, rather than a failure of production. There is no doubt, in any case, that the nobility gained considerable political advantage from the population's dependence upon it for the means of subsistence. The history of Córdoba's grain supply in the first decade of the sixteenth century is, however, only a symptom of more deep-seated problems. Not only did secular lords hold more than a third of the land of the kingdom of Córdoba, together with about half of the population, but they also had enormous political and economic influence in the city and its possessions. References Creswell, K.A.C.1989. "The Great Mosque of Cordova." A short account of early Muslim architecture, revised edition by James W. Allan. Aldershot: Scolar Press. Dodds, Jerrilynn. 1992. "The Great Mosque of Cordoba." al-Andalus: the art of Islamic Spain. Edited by Jerrilynn D. Dodds. New York: Abrams, 11-26.
Ettinghausen, Richard and Oleg Grabar. 1987. The Art and Architecture of Islam: 650-1250. London and N.Y.: Penguin, 127-140. Khoury, Nuha. 1996. "The meaning of the Great Mosque of Cordoba in the tenth century.” Muqarnas 13, 80-98.
- Winter '14
- Great Mosque, Al-Andalus, Creswell, Grand Mosque, Great Mosque of Cordoba