ABNORMAL EXAM READING NOTES .docx

When processing stressful events people with

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When processing stressful events people with conversion disorder have failure to activate the right inferior frontal cortex and the connectivity between the amygdala and motor areas of the brain are enhanced in these people - Therapies for Somatoform Disorders - Results for therapies depend on whether the focus was generically on medically unexplained symptoms or a more severe and clinically delineated somatoform disorder - Benefits of treatment were less evident in studies with people suffering from medically unexplained symptoms maybe because this involves lower levels of dysfunction - Studies of people with somatoform disorder found that CBT was effective across various conditions and it was the most effective treatment form - Somatoform disorders are expensive and difficult to treat - positive effects of treatment may be less durable and lasting than treatments of other mental disorders - Clients often suffer from anxiety and depression - Cognitive and behavioural clinicians believe that high levels of anxiety linked with somatization disorders are linked to specific situations 7.4 Dissociative Disorders - Characterized by changes in a person’s sense of identity, memory or consciousness - Individuals may be unable to recall important personal events or may temporarily forget their identity or even assume a new identity - May wander far from their usual surroundings - We all have dissociative experiences of one kind or another - Dissociative amnesia - Memory loss after a stressful experience
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- depersonalization/ derealization disorder - Altered experience of the self - Dissociative identity disorder - Having 2+ distinct states of ego - that alter - Other specified disorder - Cause significant distress or impairment but does not meet the full criteria for listed above disorders - Dissociative experiences - Daydreaming and becoming unaware of what is happening around you - Impression that you were viewing yourself from outside your body - Dissociative amnesia - Unable to recall important personal information, usually after something stressful - Information is not permanently lost but it cannot be retrieved during the episode of amnesia - Memory loss involves all events during a limited period of time following some traumatic experience - Persons behaviour during amnesia is unremarkable - Memory loss may bring some disorientation and purposeless wandering - Client does not recognize relatives, and friends but retains the ability to talk, read and reason- also retains talents and previously acquired knowledge of the world and how to function in it - Episode may last several hours or as long as several years - Usually disappears as suddenly as it comes on, with complete recovery and only a small chance of recurrence - Memory loss is common in many brain disorders as well as in substance abuse - In degenerative brain disease memory fails more slowly over time, it is not linked to stress and is accompanied by other cognitive deficits (inability to learn new info) -
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  • Spring '14
  • KathyFoxa
  • Schizophrenia, Borderline personality disorder, Antisocial personality disorder, Avoidant personality disorder

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