Poverty, unemployment and hopelessness
So many juveniles and youths today have become hopeless, with no
hint, inking or clue of why they are alive, and whether there is a purpose for
human existence. Just observing their faces in a crowd reveals this much.
They can see that the world conditions grow ever worse, with the news of
each day seemingly worse that the day before, and the problems of each day
becoming worse and greater in number that the day before. Juvenile
delinquency can be as a result of poverty, unemployment, or being hopeless
about their conditions.
This is particularly present among those in the lower
class who mostly live in the rural areas. Poverty is the condition of lack and
hopelessness. Ndungane (2003, p.20), while describing African poverty
maintains that the deprivations around poverty are not just about economy
but also “include human dignity” which is about human suffering.
According to him, there is also denial of access to opportunities and
advancement, which is mainly brought about by inequalities, and uneven
distribution of wealth. Unemployment is a serious challenges facing the
juveniles and youths across the globe especially in our country, Nigeria.
Consequently, many of these juveniles take to antisocial behaviour in order
to make ends meet. However, the result of this is that the vast majority of
these young ones today simply tune out to confusion and emptiness of
religion, the division and ineffectiveness of government, the evils and
troubles plaguing schools and education, the complex economic forces at