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5.Know the characteristics of monosaccharides, disaccharides and polysaccharides.
(CH(2)O) and contains hydroxyl groups and a carbonyl group. Two monosaccharides join to form a disaccharide. High-fructose corn syrup is commonly added to drinks and processed foods.b.Disaccharides: Cells link two single sugars to form disaccharides. Cells construct a disaccharide from two monosaccharides by a dehydration reaction. The most common disaccharide is Sucrose, which is made of a glucose monomer linked to a fructose monomer. c.Polysaccharides: Are long chains of sugar units. Polysaccharides are polymers of monosaccharides linked together by dehydration reactions. Polysaccharides may function as storage molecules or as structural compounds. Polysaccharides are polymers of monosaccharides, such as glucose. Starch and glycogen are storage polysaccharides; cellulose is structural, found in plant cell walls. Chitin is a component of insect exoskeletons and fungal cell walls.6.Identify the hydrophilic and hydrophobic regions of the cell membrane7.Name the characteristics of the four protein structures: Primary, Secondary, Tertiary, and Quaternary.