Dramatic improvement in string instruments Important keyboard instruments organ

Dramatic improvement in string instruments important

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Dramatic improvement in string instrumentsImportant keyboard instruments: organ and harpsichord-Before the Baroque era, instruments were mostly supportiveoAccompanied vocals, dancing, military, hunting, marching, etc.-In the Baroque era, instrumental music becomes own concert musicFormNo text to dictate formSo dance!Dance music defined by tempo, meter
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Baroque Era (1600-1750)23:03For concert pieces, contrasting dances combined – dance suitesDance Suite (genre)Instrumental work with multiple, contrasting movements usually based on dancesMouretFrench composer“Suite de Symphonies” mvt 1 – RondeauRondeau, “Suite de Symphonies” mvt. 1Form: Rondeau -> rondo: common instrumental form5-part structure: ABACAGenre: dance suiteTrumpets!! (intro)Concerto form: an instrumental formbased on the opposition between 2 dissimilar bodies of soundSolo concerto: solo instrument + accompanying instrumental groupo3 movements: Allegro-Adagio-Allegro (fast-slow-fast)Concerto grosso: based on opposition between small group of instruments and larger groupCommonly used as 1stmovement concerto (genre) formAntonio VivaldiMost influential Italian composer of Baroque eraoHis development of the concertooProgram music “pioneer”Worked in school for girl orphans, Venice
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Baroque Era (1600-1750)23:03“The Four Seasons” (1725)Vivaldi’s best known work4 separate concertos: Spring, Summer, Autumn, WinterProgram music: instrumental music intended to be about something else (seasons, love, poem)Absolute music: instrumental music about music itself, nothing moreoDescriptive titleoPoem provided for each movement to explain what was depicted in itConcerto (genre)Multi-movement instrumental work for solist(s) + orchestraForm: generally 3 movementsStandard tempo for 3-movement genres(concertos & sonatas)oFast-slow-fast“Spring” Mvt. 1Genre: concertoIII IIIAllegrolargo allegroMvt 1 - Form:ritornellooRitornello form: alternation between ritornellos (melody that “returns”) and episodesoRit., ep1 (chirping birds), Rit., ep2 (murmuring brooks), Rit., ep3 (thunder/lightning), Rit., ep4 (birds return), Rit.
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Classical Era (1750-1830)23:03String quartet (genre)IntimateMelodic materialConversational2 violins, viola, cellPiano QuintetMulti-movement form:Form of overall workForm of each individual movementTypical character of movements (4-movement genres)I II III IVFast slow dance fast (triple meter)Form: Sonata-Allegro Theme & Variations Minuet-Trio Rondo> Sonata-Allegro form (Sonata form): 1stmovement form-most important form-ExpositionAPresentation of themes, modulationDevelopmentB
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Classical Era (1750-1830)23:03RecapitulationA’oFunction of melodies (themes), keysoTonic: home pitchoModulation: changing key, changing tonic> Theme & Variations: 2ndmovement forma theme is played in original form, then played a number of times in sequence, each time varied a diff. wayno limit on # or type of variationstheme: melody with a structural role in formHayden’s “Surprise” symphony, mvt II> Minuet-Trio: 3rd
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  • Fall '07
  • Johnson
  • Music, The Aeneid, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, Baroque music, Musical Form, baroque era

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