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age group. They do not correct for individuals who are olderthan the level-appropriate age due to late starts, interruptedschooling or grade repetition. Data are for the most recentyear estimates available for the 1999-2006 period. Data for2005 and 2006 are provisional.Male and female adult illiteracy.Source: See gross enrol-ment ratios above for source; data adjusted to illiteracy fromliteracy. Illiteracy definitions are subject to variation in differ-ent countries; three widely accepted definitions are in use.Insofar as possible, data refer to the proportion who cannot,with understanding, both read and write a short simple state-ment on everyday life. Adult illiteracy (rates for personsabove 15 years of age) reflects both recent levels of educa-tional enrolment and past educational attainment. The aboveeducation indicators have been updated using estimates from:United Nations Population Division. 2005. World PopulationProspects: The 2004 Revision. New York: United Nations. Data are for the most recent year estimates available forthe 1995-2005 period.Proportion reaching grade 5 of primary education.Source: See gross enrolment ratios above for source. Data aremost recent within the school years 1989-2005. Data for2005 and 2006 are provisional.INDICATORS OF REPRODUCTIVE HEALTHBirths per 1,000 women aged 15-19.Source: Spreadsheetprovided by the United Nations Population Division. This is anindicator of the burden of fertility on young women. Since it isan annual level summed over all women in the age cohort, itdoes not reflect fully the level of fertility for women duringtheir youth. Since it indicates the annual average number ofbirths per woman per year, one could multiply it by five toapproximate the number of births to 1,000 young womenduring their late teen years. The measure does not indicatethe full dimensions of teen pregnancy as only live births areincluded in the numerator. Stillbirths and spontaneous orinduced abortions are not reflected. Estimates are for the2005-2010 period.Contraceptive prevalence.Source: Spreadsheet providedby the United Nations Population Division. These data are
derived from sample survey reports and estimate the propor-tion of married women (including women in consensualunions) currently using, respectively, any method or modernmethods of contraception. Modern or clinic and supplymethods include male and female sterilization, IUD, the pill,injectables, hormonal implants, condoms and female barriermethods. These numbers are roughly but not completelycomparable across countries due to variation in the timingof the surveys and in the details of the questions. All countryand regional data refer to women aged 15-49. The mostrecent survey data available are cited, ranging from 1989-2005.HIV prevalence rate, M/F, 15-49.Source: UNAIDS.